ACCORDING TO IPC:
SEC 378: THEFT
Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any moveable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft.
- The intention of the offender must be to take the property dishonestly.
- The property must be movable.
- The property must be in the possession of some person.
- The property must be taken without the consent of its possessor.
- The property must be moved in order to such taking.
Explanation 1.—A thing so long as it is attached to the earth, not being movable property, is not the subject of theft; but it becomes capable of being the subject of theft as soon as it is severed from the earth.
Explanation 2.—A moving effected by the same act which affects the severance may be a theft.
Explanation 3.—A person is said to cause a thing to move by removing an obstacle which prevented it from moving or by separating it from any other thing, as well as by actually moving it.
Explanation 4.—A person, who by any means causes an animal to move, is said to move that animal, and to move everything which, in consequence of the motion so caused, is moved by that animal.
Explanation 5.—The consent mentioned in the definition may be express or implied, and may be given either by the person in possession, or by any person having for that purpose authority either express or implied.
SEC 379: PUNISHMENT FOR THEFT
Whoever commits theft shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
SEC 380:THEFT IN DWELLING HOUSE ETC
Whoever commits theft in any building, tent or vessel, which building, tent or vessel is used as a human dwelling, or used for the custody of property, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
SEC 381: THEFT BY CLERK OR SERVENT OF PROPERTY IN POSSESSION OF MASTER
Whoever, being a clerk or servant, or being employed in the capacity of a clerk or servant, commits theft in respect of any property in the possession of his master or employer, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
SEC 389: THEFT AFTER PREPRATION MADE FOR CAUSING DEATH, HURT OR RESTRAIN IN ORDER TO THE COMMITTING OF THE THEFT
Whoever commits theft, having made preparation for causing death, or hurt, or restraint, or fear of death, or of hurt, or of restraint, to any person, in order to the committing of such theft, or in order to the effecting of his escape after the committing of such theft, or in order to the retaining of property taken by such theft, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.