THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION LAWS & THE CHICAGO CONVENTION
Article : by Muskan singh
In the year 1944, a conference was held at Chicago (which is also known as Chicago Convention). The main objective behind this conference was to make arrangements for the immediate establishment of provisional world air routes.
This convention later established the International Civil Aviation Organisation (also known as ICAO), it is an agency of the United Nations which is incharged for coordinating & regulating international air travel worldwide. International civil aviation organization’s primary role is to provide a set of standards which will help regulate aviation across the world.
The U.S. government back then held an International Civil Aviation Conference at Chicago in 1944. In which 54 out of the 55 States invited states participated and attended the Conference and on 7 Dec, 1944 only 52 of them had signed the new Convention on International Civil Aviation of chikago conference. Post that it was known as Chicago Convention.
This agreement laid a strong foundation for the standards and procedural work for coordinating a global air navigation and It also helped in setting up the main objective of the development of international civil aviation.
The Chicago Convention set up an organization for international civil aviation matters i.e ICAO, in order to organize and support the intensive international co-operation. International civil aviation organization’s main motto was to help States to achieve the highest possible degree of uniformity in civil aviation regulations, standards, procedures, and organization.
An aviation law is concerned about air travel and laws related to air routes and considered as a matter of international law. In India, the aviation industry is rapidly growing with the private airlines with a high rate.International civil aviation organization focus at the strategic developments & futuristic plans of international air transport to ensure safety and development. It also creates regulations for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity and environmental protection and adopts standards and practices regarding – Air navigation, Infrastructure, Flight inspection, Prevention of illegal interference, Assistance of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
The core objective of international civil aviation organization is to regulate all the civil aviation matters throughout the world. It changes the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
Which also includes :
- Nationality registration of aircraft
- Documentation of certifications
- Standardisation of procedures
- Financial, technical and statistical services
- Freedoms related to air travel.
It has also focused on encouragement of modification of aircraft’s design and operation to avoid mishaps and ensure safety purposes. The development of airways/ airports and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation to satisfy the expectations of the people of the world for safe, efficient, fast travel.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) & It’s role
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is the global trade association for the world’s airlines. It’s mission is to lead and serve its members, as well as to represent their interests in a way that boosts the airport transport industry. It’s main function is the global trade association for the world’s airlines. It’s mission is to lead and serve it’s members, as well as to represent their interests in a way that boosts the airport transport industry.