THE AYODYA DISPUTE

INTRODUCTION 

India is a one-of-a-kind country that is undergoing fast development while simultaneously being recognised for its variety. It has such sway that many individuals, even leaders, become enslaved to religious beliefs, communalism, and casteism.Religious violence is a common occurrence in India, as it is the only country in the world that is home to all eight main religions. As a result, disagreements are sure to arise, which may lead to violence. The country has accepted the idea of secularism via its Constitution in order to conserve, defend, and preserve the culture and traditions of all religions.However, religious discord is attracted by people’s diverse thoughts and views. Some conflicts last for so long that they have a significant influence on many aspects of the country. 

One such example is the Ayodhya Dispute, which saw all of Independent India’s Prime Ministers working to find a settlement. The lengthy wait is finally over, with the Supreme Court of India issuing its decision on November 9th, 2019. After over seven decades, the lawsuit finally arrived at its final destination. The entire country was waiting for the judgement with bated breath.Tensions were high between the two factions. Administrators are taking precautions to avoid any violence in the aftermath of the judgement. The conclusion, however, has been accepted by the public, unlike the one in 2010, which sparked similar expectations but ultimately failed due to disappointing results.

 

THE DISPUTE

The conflict began when Hindus claimed that the Masjid was built after a temple devoted to Lord Ram was destroyed, while Muslims refute this claim. Until 1949, when an idol of a newborn Ram, Ram Lalla, was erected within the mosque, claiming to have emerged spontaneously, it was just a question of differing viewpoints.This heightened Hindu religious devotion, and a significant number of people from throughout the country began flocking to Ayodhya to worship the deity.

Both Hindus and Muslims live in this city, which claims to be the birthplace of Lord Ram (who see it as a city which locates the Babri Masjid, built by the first Mughal Ruler Babur in 1528). The conflict began when Hindus claimed that the Masjid was built after a temple devoted to Lord Ram was destroyed, while Muslims refute this claim.

Devotees quickly altered the location and began erecting new idols, despite the Muslim’s adamant resistance. The idol was to be removed by Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru and the state authorities, but the City and District Magistrates were uninterested. The doorway was likewise closed to Muslims. This added to the already high level of anxiety.

The legal struggle for Ayodhya began in 1950, when Gopal Singh Visharad, who had been denied admission to the city, submitted the first petition. He was the Ayodhya Secretary of the Hindu Mahasabha, a group founded to fight the secular principles of the Congress party. The case was dragged out in court for over a decade, and the Nirmohi Akhara launched a new complaint in 1959, claiming ownership of the land. In 1961, the Sunni Central Board of Waqfs filed a counter-petition in response to the aforesaid suits. Indian law created the Board to safeguard and maintain Muslim religious and cultural monuments.

THE VERDICT

On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, issued the following ruling:

  • 2.77 acres of contested property to be transferred to a government trustee for the construction of Ram Temple
  • Ayodhya needs to find a 5-acre plot of land for a mosque.
  • All other lawsuits were dismissed by the Supreme Court.

KEY FACTS OF THE CASE 

  • A five-judge panel rendered the decision.
  • The verdict is 1045 pages long.
  • The case’s final hearing lasted over 40 days, making it the second-longest after the Kesavananda Bharati case in 1973. (68 days).
  • It is the first time the Supreme Court has issued a decision on a Saturday since it was founded in 1950.

 

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