Supreme Court Guidelines for speedy disposal of execution of decree

All Courts dealing with suits and execution proceedings shall

mandatorily follow the below-mentioned directions:

 

1. In suits relating to delivery of possession, the court

must examine the parties to the suit under Order X in

relation to third party interest and further exercise the power under

Order XI Rule 14 asking parties to disclose and produce

documents, upon oath, which are in possession of the parties

including declaration pertaining to third party interest in

such properties.

3. In appropriate cases, where the possession is not in

dispute and not a question of fact for adjudication before the

Court, the Court may appoint Commissioner to assess the

accurate description and status of the property.

4. After examination of parties under Order X or

production of documents under Order XI or receipt of

commission report, the Court must add all necessary or

proper parties to the suit, so as to avoid multiplicity of

proceedings and also make such joinder of cause of action in

the same suit.

5. Under Order XL Rule 1 of CPC, a Court Receiver can be

appointed to monitor the status of the property in question

as custodia legis for proper adjudication of the matter.

6. The Court must, before passing the decree,

pertaining to

7. delivery of possession of a property ensure that the

decree is unambiguous so as to not only contain clear

description of the property but also having regard to the

status of the property.

8. In a money suit, the Court must invariably resort to

Order XXI Rule 11, ensuring immediate execution of decree

for payment of money on oral application.

9. In a suit for payment of money, before settlement of

issues, the defendant may be required to disclose his assets

on oath, to the extent that he is being made liable in a suit.

The Court may further, at any stage, in appropriate cases

during the pendency of suit, using powers under Section 151

CPC, demand security to ensure satisfaction of any decree.

10. The Court exercising jurisdiction under Section 47 or

under Order XXI of CPC, must not issue notice on an

application of third-party claiming rights in a mechanical

manner. Further, the Court should refrain from entertaining

any such application(s) that has already been considered by

the Court while adjudicating the suit or which raises any

such issue which otherwise could have been raised and

determined during adjudication of suit if due diligence was

exercised by the applicant.

11. The Court should allow taking of evidence during the

execution proceedings only in exceptional and rare cases

where the question of fact could not be decided by resorting

to any other expeditious method like appointment of

Commissioner or calling for electronic materials including

photographs or video with affidavits.

12. The Court must in appropriate cases where it finds the

objection or resistance or claim to be frivolous or mala fide,

resort to Sub-rule (2) of Rule 98 of Order XXI as well as grant

compensatory costs in accordance with Section 35A.

 

13. Under section 60 of CPC the term “…in name of the

judgment- debtor or by another person in trust for him or on

his behalf” should be read liberally to incorporate any other

person from whom he may have the ability to derive share,

profit or property.

14. The Executing Court must dispose of the Execution

Proceedings within six months from the date of filing, which

may be extended only by recording reasons in writing for

such delay.

15. The Executing Court may on satisfaction of the fact that

it is not possible to execute the decree without police

assistance, direct the concerned Police Station to provide

police assistance to such officials who are working towards

execution of the decree. Further, in case an offence against

the public servant while discharging his duties is brought to

the knowledge of the Court, the same must be dealt

stringently in accordance with law.

16. The Judicial Academies must prepare manuals and

ensure continuous training through appropriate mediums to

the Court personnel/staff executing the warrants, carrying

out attachment and sale and any other official duties for

executing orders issued by the Executing Courts.

43. We further direct all the High Courts to reconsider and

update all the Rules relating to Execution of Decrees, made under

exercise of its powers under Article 227 of the Constitution of

India and Section 122 of CPC, within one year of the date of this

Order. The High Courts must ensure that the Rules are in

consonance with CPC and the above directions, with an

endeavour to expedite the process of execution with the use of

Information Technology tools. Until such time these Rules are

brought into existence, the above directions shall remain

enforceable.{Para 42}

REPORTABLE

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION

CIVIL APPEAL NOS. 1659-1660 of 2021

 

RAHUL S SHAH Vs JINENDRA KUMAR GANDHI

Dated: April 22, 2021.

Coram: S.A. BOBDE J, L. NAGESWARA RAO J, S. RAVINDRA BHAT J.

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