WHITE COLLAR CRIME:
The term “white-collar crime” was coined in the 1930s by sociologist and criminologist Edwin Sutherland. He used the phrase to describe the types of crimes commonly committed by “persons of respectability”. White-collar crime is a type of non-violent crime that is financially motivated.
White-collar crimes may be perpetrated by individuals or at a corporate level. Due to the sophisticated technology now available, however, even white-collar crimes committed by an individual may result in tens of millions in losses for the victims. There are various reasons for the growth of WCC in India like greed, easy swift and prolonged effect, competition, lack of stringent laws, lack of awareness. These crimes leave a long run effect on the company, employees, society, customers, temperament of the affected person and results loss of confidence among the masses.
PINK COLLAR CRIME:
The term Pink-collar in pink-collar crime denotes jobs and employment sectors dominated by women workers. There is no masculinization. Pink-collar crime is used in order to distinguish certain jobs from white collar jobs, and also to distinguish women in these roles from other white-collar workers. Pink collar work did not require much professional training and did not offer equal pay or prestige. Pink collar positions have increased as more and more women enter the workforce. Industrialization has increased the scope for the services provided by pink collar workers.
GREEN COLLAR CRIME:
In the current world scenario Green Collar crime is one of the major concern in India as well as all over the world. Basically, Green Collar Crime are those crimes which are co2mmitted against the Environment and wildlife. It comes under the fourth largest areas of crime in the list of structured crimes around the world. The criminal activities against the Environment and wildlife are increasing steadily and its adverse effect on ecosystem and the enormous damage to humankind attracted the world’s attention towards these crimes committed against the nature on the daily basis.
BLUE COLLAR CRIME:
Blue-collar crime is a term used to describe crimes that are committed primarily by people who are from a lower social class. This is in contrast to white-collar crime, which refers to crime that is usually committed by people from a higher social class. Blue-collar crime is not a formal legal classification of crime. It’s an informal term that is used to describe certain types of crimes. Blue-collar crimes are those that are most commonly committed by people who are from a lower social class, such as blue-collar workers. Blue-collar workers may not have access to the same resources as white-collar workers, so they tend to commit crimes that are immediate and personal in nature, such as robbery, rather than crimes that involve elaborate planning.
RED COLLAR CRIME:
The term “red-collared crime” has been used to describe white-collar crimes that turn horribly violent. After their white-collar crimes have been discovered, red-collar criminals use murder as a method of concealment, also called “fraud concealment homicide”, thus changing the white-collar crime to a red-collar crime. The red-collar criminal usually has a mixed criminal history of white-collar and non-white-collar crimes, that often includes a history of violence.