In the Indian setting, customs and traditions have always been an important and vital component of every religious and cultural sect. For a long time, India has had a variety of customary customs from many religions. Some of these traditions are valued so highly that individuals are willing to put their lives on the line for them. Another example of long-standing customary customs is the tradition of not allowing women to enter the Sabrimala shrine and then allowing them to enter.
As a country with a varied culture and people, India’s society and religion are inextricably linked. The case of Sabarimala is a clash between religious freedom and fundamental rights. The position of women in Indian culture has always been weaker than that of males due to the prevalence of patriarchal ideology and attitude of people. Women had to fight and struggle to achieve equality with men on a number of diverse platforms. Sabarimala is also an example of women defying the patriarchal religious order’s doctrine, which forbids them from entering the temple.
The Hindu temple of Sabrimala is located in Kerala and is among the most well-known temples in the state. The old temple is devoted to the worshipping of Lord Ayyapan, also known as ‘Dharmashastha,’ who is said to be the son of Shiva and Mohini, Vishnu’s feminine form. The Travancore Devaswom Board is in charge of the Sabarimala temple. Because of their conventional and conservative mindsets, temple priests and officials prohibited menstruation women between the ages of 10 and 50 from entering the temple grounds, believing that it would jeopardise the holiness and purity of the temple’s god. The authorities had an ancient and usual tradition of not permitting women to enter the temple, which had been in place for a long time.
Sabarimala’s decision is a watershed moment in the fight between religious beliefs and rituals and ideas of equality for all citizens. In its sort, the Sabarimala judgement is daring and compassionate. There are several concepts of morality, customs, and faiths, but the Supreme Court underlined the ultimate thought of morality, which is Constitutional Morality, through this case. On the one hand, we talk about progress, growth, prosperity, global leader, and world power; on the other hand, we are still bound by our deep-rooted conservative notions of certain practises and beliefs, and as a result, we fail as a community and a nation. Due to the patriarchal attitude of the general public, women in society are discriminated against on the basis of gender and sex, and they are still viewed as subordinate to males. Feminist movements have gone a long way in securing and providing rights for women, but there is still a long way to go. Because India is a country with a diverse population and culture, religion is a delicate subject to broach. The Supreme Court’s decision resolved the conflict between basic rights and traditional values. Traditions have long been an important and integral part of our culture, and they are one of the most well-known aspects of the country’s identity. The Indian Constitution gives all people several fundamental rights, including the right to equality and the right to religion. The Supreme Court’s decision to lift the prohibition on women accessing the Sabarimala temple once again reaffirmed the supremacy of the Constitution above all other considerations, guaranteeing that women’s rights are not infringed as a result of certain long-standing practises.