RELEVANT SECTIONS WHICH DEAL WITH DEATH PENALTY by UTKARSHINI SINHA @LEXCLIQ

Death Penalty in India

Death penalty or capital punishment is the highest degree of punishment that can be awarded to an individual under any penal law in force in any part of the world. Capital punishment is the legal procedure of the state in which it exercises its power to take an individual’s life. It has been in existence since the inception of the State itself. In the British era, there have been countless instances of Indians being hanged after trial or even before it. The dawn of Independence brought about a new era in the judicial system of India. It was in stark contrast to the British Judicial system in which the Indians hardly had any access to justice, or the time of empires and kingdoms before it when the ruler of a certain state or kingdom was its ultimate authority and the source of all justice wherein his or her statements verbatim, were adopted as the law of the land. The ruler, thus had the power to condemn any man to death whoever may he or she be, even on a whim.

After 1947, India became a democratic state, and the system of awarding death penalties too changed drastically. The Indian Penal Code in accordance with the provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India provided for awarding of capital punishment for certain specific offences.

Art. 21 of the Constitution, which guarantees to every citizen the fundamental right to life, also expressly states, “no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.” This means that under no circumstances your right to live will be taken away from you except by the due procedure established by law, that is the state can take away your life through the given process of law if it deems fit. Not all offences are punishable by death, in fact, most of the agencies do not elicit capital punishment; instead, it is only reserved for the most heinous of crimes.
According to the Indian Penal Code along with other acts eleven offences committed within the territory of India are punishable by death:

  1. Sec 120B, IPC- Being a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit a capital offence.
  2. Sec 121, IPC- Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the GOI.
  3. Sec 132, IPC- Abetting a mutiny in the armed forces (if a mutiny occurs as a result), engaging in mutiny.
  4. Sec 194, IPC- Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure a conviction of a capital offence.
  5. Sec 302, 303, IPC- Murder
  6. Sec 305, IPC- Abetting the suicide of a minor.
  7. Sec 364 A, IPC- Kidnapping, in the course of which the victim was held for ransom or other coercive purposes.
  8. Part III, Sec 4 of Prevention of Sati Act- Aiding or abetting an act of Sati.
  9. 31A of the Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act- Drug trafficking in cases of repeat offences.

 

Leave a Reply

Articles

A+ Formulations CBD Oil [Get 100% Genuine Result] To Reduce Everyday Stress And Support Pain Relief(Spam Or Legit)

A+ Formulations CBD Oil • Product Name – A+ Formulations CBD Oil • Side Effects – No Side Effects (100% Natural) • Main Benefits – Relieves Anxiety & Stress Reduces Pain & Chronic Aches • Category – 100% All Natural & Extract From Hemp • Results – In 1-2 Months • Availability – Online • […]

Read More
Articles LexCliq Services

Biolife CBD Gummies

👉DEAL IS LIVE CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE NOW👈 ➢ Product Name— Biolife CBD Gummies ➢ Composition— Natural Organic Compound ➢ Side-Effects—NA ➢ Availability—Online ➢ Rating — ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ ➢ Official Website (Sale Is Live) — >>> Click Here to Buy Biolife CBD Gummies from the Official Website..! CLICK HERE TO VISIT THE OFFICIAL WEBSITE & GET […]

Read More
Flexorol Gummies Reviews
Advocates Articles

Flexorol Gummies Reviews

• Product Name – Flexorol Gummies • Help In – Joint Pain Relief • Composition – Natural Organic Compound • Side-Effects – NA • Price – Visit the Official Website • Supplement Type – Pills • Official Website –  https://playnewsdesk.com/w5gj ➢ORDER TODAY: CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW ➢ORDER TODAY: CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW ➢ ORDER TODAY: CLICK HERE TO BUY NOW […]

Read More