PROCEDURE IN DIFFERENCE TYPES OF CRIMINAL TRIALS. by Harsh Vardhan Chaturvedi @lexcliq

The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 (in short Cr.P.C.) is a procedural law providing the mechanism in which manner the criminal trial is to be conducted on the   basis of   substantive criminal law i.e. I.P.C.  and other criminal statute. The primary  object of the criminal justice system is to ensure that the trial must be fair.   The Presiding Officer is supposed to treat the accused innocent till charge is proved against him but at the same time the guilty person should not be escaped from the punishment.  

The   word  “trial”  is   not   defined   anywhere   in   the Criminal   Procedure   Code,   however,   it   means   an   commonly understood the stage of trial began  after framing   the charge  and end with the conviction or acquittal. The criminal procedure for judicial adjudications is divided in 37  chapter and classified in two schedules (i) the offences classified under I.P.C. and (ii) the offences classified other than I.P.C.   The nature of trial are divided on the basis of seriousness of offences, its gravity and jurisdiction and on the basis of the gravity, seriousness of the offences the substantive law   i.e.   I.P.C.     is   divided   into   37   parts   by   granting   separate nomenclature particularly the nature of offences like the offence against   State,   human   body,   property,   public   tranquility, documents, marriage etc.  

1} Procedure in Sessions Trial 

  1. a)           Police case­225 to 237 Cr.P.C. 

Chapter   XVIII   of   Cr.P.C.   starting   with   Sec.225   and ending with section 237 deals with provisions governing the trial

 -2- 

before a Court of Session. Sec.225 Cr.P.C. enjoins that in every trial before a Court of Session the prosecution shall be conducted by a Public Prosecutor.  

When the accused appears or is brought before court pursuant to the commitment of the case, the Public Prosecutor should open the case by describing the charge brought against the accused and stating by what evidence he proposes to prove the guilt of the accused.  

After   considering   the   record   of   the   case   and   the documents submitted along with such record and after hearing the submissions   of   the   accused   and   the   prosecution,  if   the   judge     considers  that  there are      no   sufficient   grounds    for  proceeding against the accused, he shall discharge the accused giving reasons for doing so. 

If, however, the judge is of the opinion that there is ground for presuming that the accused has committed the offence he may frame the charge against the accused in writing. At this stage the Sessions Judge is entitled to consider only the documents produced   by   the   prosecution   along   with   the   charge   sheet

HarshVChaturvedi

My name is Harsh vardhan chaturvedi. I belong to Agra (Uttar Pradesh). I am currently pursing B.Tech in Computer Science with LLB (Hons.) specialisation in Cyber Laws. I am a self motivated person. I have been in situations where i was not having any motivation to proceed further. Like choosing a branch such as cyber law where your parents are also not sure about the future of the branch. Motivating yourself to move further in this field of law is a great example of self motivation. A person who does not have any legal background motivating himself for this course which involves study of two different areas itself is a challenging task. I am very good at managing tasks as i have been the Event head of UURJA i.e fest of UPES. I try to take part in every activity whether it is curricular, co-curricular or extra curricular. I believe a person should not only focus on academics but also focus on other activities for overall development. I have great legal drafting skills. In my free time i love to portrait landscape . My hobbies includes travelling and photography. I believe travelling make you learn how one should never stop when they want to reach their goal. Travelling are challenging but one should never look back once started. Hence each treks and travel has always taught me something. I have always been a fan of movies which calms you down. I have a passion for everything i do and i believe this passion makes me going.

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