Practicing As A Lawyer In India, By- Arvind Panda

In recent times there is a surge in the field of Law. Gone are the days when parents only wanted their child to become a doctor or an engineer. These rises are due to the increasing disputes between peoples which arises every day. Earlier these profession was not considered to be the best but with time things have been changed. Also, the senior lawyers who have excelled in this field have influenced a lot of people newcomers. 

Procedure as to become a law practitioner in India.

First of all get a Law Degree that has two options:
1. 5 years law course after 10+2
2. 3 years law course after graduation

After that get enrolled with a state Bar Council, that is merely a formality. After this, chose your field of interest, whether you want to do criminal cases or matrimonial or property matters, tax matters, corporate work etc. You also need to decide whether you primarily want to start from a trial court or High court. although the law is the same at both places, you need to find your comfort with handling trials or appeals. Learning a case since it begins in the trial court(also called lower court or civil court or district court) is essential to become a good lawyer and after that practising in High court would be a great idea. If you are fortunate to stay in cities having both district as well as High Court, it is even better to manage.

Now, Let’s see the body that governs lawyers in India:

The Advocates Act, 1961 

The act gives the rights of legal registration, professional ethics, admission, practice, discipline, education, regulations and law reforms, etc.

The Bar Council of India 

The Bar Council of India is accountable for planning, prescribing and enforcing principles concerning legal education, professional conduct, and qualification measures for legal registration, legal ethics, professional authority and disciplinary jurisdiction above the bar.

To practice law in India, let us see the requirements for a person, 

  • the person must fully comply with all the provisions of the act.
  • The Law student must be a citizen of India.
  • He must have completed 21 years of age.
  • He must have obtained a degree in Law from a recognised university of law by the Bar Council of India.

These were the requirements that are required by the bar council. However, there are a lot of challenges that are being faced by a practicing lawyer. When it comes to a second-generation lawyer or practitioner, who has a family background in this field, it is quite easy for them to practice in these field as everything is set for them and also they receive enormous knowledge from beginning itself. But for a first-generation lawyer, who has no connection in this field, it is very difficult for them to practice law. As this occupation requires experience and proper knowledge of the law, it is nearly impossible for a fresher to start everything easily. Also, there is a lot of competition in this area and it does not matter whether the person is a senior lawyer or junior practitioner, the person with good knowledge of the law is the one who excels at the end. So the senior lawyer does not teach everything to the freshers, and this is a major drawback of this field. However, a person with proper knowledge of the law and good practicing skill can excel at the end despite of the fact that he is a first-generation lawyer or a second-generation lawyer. 

By- Arvind Panda

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