Point by point about NALSA by Krishna sreeja @LEXCLIQ


When India became a Republic Nation, the citizens of India are guaranteed the basic amenities to everyone through certain provisions if our constitution. These rights under went to may changes to meet the requirements the prevailing circumstances and to provide equality to all the sections of the society. Initially, there were certain provisions missing in the constitution. One such provision was right to free legal aid. Later in 1976, by 42nd amendment, Article 39A was added to the constitution too provide free legal aid to poor and weaker sections. Eventually, a statutory organization called NALSA was established.


National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) (@NALSALegalAid) | Twitter


In 1987, an act called Legal Services Authority Act 1987  was enacted by the parliament  to provide a statutory base to the legal aid programs through out the country on a uniform pattern. But the act was finally came into force on 9th November 1995. The then Chief Justice of India, Justice RN Mishra played a key role in the enactment of this act.

Under the Authority of the Legal Services Authority Act 1987, a statutory organization called National Legal Services Authority( herein after referred as NALSA) was established in 1995 with a motto ” Access to Justice for all”.                    It is head quartered in New Delhi. The chief justice of India is the Patron – in – chief  of the NALSA and the second senior most Judge of the supreme court is the executive chairman of the organization.

Under the Article39A of the Indian Constitution poor and weaker sections ca have the free access to legal aid and  Article 14 and 22(1) of the Indian Constitution also make it obligatory for the state to ensure equality before law and a legal system which promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity to all.  Legal aid strives to ensure that constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter and spirit and equal justice is made available to the poor, downtrodden and weaker sections of the society.

There is a State Legal Service Authority to fulfil the functions of  NALSA in the state level and State Legal Service Authority is headed by the chief justice of High Court and to carry out the same in rural level, there is a body called District Legal Services  Authority. It is situated in every district in District Court complex and it is headed by the Judge of a District Court.

These all bodies functions to carry out the following functions through out the country:

  •   To provide legal aid to the weaker sections of the  people.
  •  To organize Lok Adalat for amicable settlement of disputes and also for speedy dispose of the cases by       Judiciary.
  •   It also thrives to to create legal awareness by organizing the legal awareness camps in rural areas.

The eligibility criteria for this is –

  1. Women and Children
  2. Members of SC/ST community.
  3. Industrial Women
  4. Victims of Mass disasters like violence, floods , earthquakes, etc..
  5. Disables persons
  6. Persons in Custody
  7. People with annual income less than Rs,1,20,000/- in case of Supreme Court and less than Rs.1,00,000/- in case of High Court.
  8. Victims of Human Trafficking or begar as referred in Article 23 of the Indian Constitution.

NALSA also releases a official news letter called “Nyaya Deep”

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