OFFENCES RELATED TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES BY TWINKLE KWATRA

INTRODUCTION

Weights and Measures is a comprehensive legal term for uniform standards ascribed to the quantity, capacity, volume, or dimensions of anything. The regulation of weights and measures is necessary for science, industry, and commerce. Chapter XIII of the Indian Penal Code from sections 264-267 deals with offences of weights and measures. These offences are committed when one person deceives another person to believe that a particular weight or a measure is genuine and authentic, when it is not. Even possessing an instrument which portrays false weights or measures is enough to invoke the provisions of Chapter XIII. India has a Standard Weights and Measures Act, 1956 which regulates them based on a metric system and has fixed the standard of weight, length and capacity as a kilogram, a meter and a liter respectively. In England, the Weights and Measures Act, 1878 regulates such offences. There are four major offences relating to weights and measures.

264. Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing.

Whoever fraudulently uses any instrument for weighing which he knows to be false, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCE
Punishment—Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both—Non-cognizable— Bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Non-compoundable.

265. Fraudulent use of false weight or measure.

Whoever fraudulently uses any false weight or false measure of length or capacity, or fraudulently uses any weight or any measure of length or capacity as a different weight or measure from what it is, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCE
Punishment—Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both—Non-cognizable— Bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Non-compoundable.

266. Being in possession of false weight or measure.

Whoever is in possession of any instrument for weighing, or of any weight, or of any measure of length or capacity, which he knows to be false, intending that the same may be fraudulently used, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCE
Punishment—Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both—Non-cognizable— Bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Non-compoundable.

267. Making or selling false weight or measure.

Whoever makes, sells or disposes of any instrument for weighing, or any weight, or any measure of length or capacity which he knows to be false, in order that the same may be used as true, or knowing that the same is likely to be used as true, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCE
Punishment—Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both—Cognizable—Non- bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Non-compoundable.

The CSIR- National Physical Laboratory of India, situated in New Delhi, is the measurement standards laboratory of India. It maintains standards of SI units in India and calibrates the national standards of weights and measures.

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