Article by Muskan singh at lexcliq
National security laws of India :
National security laws and anti-terror laws covers different provisions against any attempt to uphold the sovereignty, security and integrity of the nation. These laws are :
- Preventive Detention Act ( PDA ).
- Maintenance of Internal Security Act ( MISA )
- National Security Act.
- Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act ( AFSPA ).
- Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act ( TADA ).
- Prevention of Terrorism Act ( POTA ).
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act ( UAPA ).
- National Investigation Agency Act ( NIA ).
Other security laws –
These laws basically deals with the Internal and external matters related to security issues of the nation. Military & border laws, civil & police laws, central laws, Air force & Navy laws, Anti-terror / terror laws, Explosives & weapon related laws are covered under these provisions of security laws. Which includes –
- Armed Force Tribunal Act.
- Civil Defence Amendment Act.
- Indian Navy Discipline Act, 1934.
- Indian Riffles (Repeal) Act, 2006.
- Sashastra Seema Bal Act, 2007.
- The Air Force Act, 1950.
- The Anti-hijacking Act, 1982.
- The Armed Forces (Emergency Duties) Act, 1947.
- The Arms Act 1950 & 1959.
- The Army And Air Force (Disposal of Private Property) Act, 1950.
- The Army And Air Force (Disposal of Private Property) Amendment Act, 2000.
- The Assam Rifles Act 1941 & 2006.
- The Border Security Force (Amendment) Act, 2000.
- The Border Security Force Act, 1968.
- The Cantonments (Extension of Rent Control laws) Act, 1957.
- The Central Industrial Security Force ( Amendment and Validation) Act, 1999.
- The Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968.
- The Central Reserve Police Force Act, 1949.
- The Coast Guard Act, 1978.
- The Commander-in-chief ( Change in Designation) Act, 1955.
- The Explosive Substances (Amendment) Act, 2001.
- The Explosive Substances Act, 1908.
- The Explosive Act, 1884.
- The Indian Reserve Forces Act, 1888.
- The Indian Riffles Act, 1920.
- The Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992.
- The Manceuvres, Field Firing And Artillery Practice Act, 1938.
- The National Cadet Corps Act, 1948.
- The Naval Forces (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1950.
- The Police (Incitement to Disaffection) Act, 1922.
- The Police Act- 1849, 1861, 1888, 1949.
- The Police Forces (Restriction of Rights) 1966.
- The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002.
- The Prevention of Terrorism (Amendment) Act, 2003.
- The Reserve and Auxiliary Air Forces Act, 1952.
- The Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005.
Cyber security laws of India :
As India is moving forward to digitalise platforms and development wherein digital crimes take place. Crimes like hacking security systems or personal data, breaking fake news, digital threats, and many such offences which includes social media crimes are happening around. To control these crimes India’s cyber cell and cyber security laws plays an important role.
Cyber laws defines cybersecurity as protecting information, equipment, devices, computer, computer resource, communication device and information stored therein from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification or destruction. These provisions cover all the crime related to hacking and online activities that causes threat or breaches security laws of India. Personal and confidential data or national information data is also Protected under these laws.
• The Information Technology Act.
a). CERT Rules 2013 – The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team and Manner of Performing Functions and Duties.
b). SPDI Rules 2011 – Reasonable security practices and procedures and sensitive personal data or information.
• The Personal Data Protection Bill 2019.
• Data Protection Laws.
• Tampering with Computer Source Documents as provided for under the IT Act, 2000.
• Computer related offences.
• Penalty for Breach of Confidentiality and Privacy
• Amendments as introduced by the IT Amendment Act, 2008.