Mob Lynching: Fake Messages & Liability of Social-Media by Vaibhav Sharma @Lexcliq

No laws as such define the term Mob lynching but the basic understanding by the terms we get that Lynching, a form of violence in which a mob, under the pretext of administering justice without trial, executes a presumed offender, often after inflicting torture and corporal mutilation. The term lynch under law refers to a self-constituted court that imposes sentence on a person without due process of law. According to a research reports the cases of mob lynching have been increase significantly. The trolling by the virtual society in the social media platform has its roots grounded in the same mindset.

For past few years, India has been witnessing an unusual increase in crime related to mob violence, in the name of religion, kidnapping etc. Though, the epidemic spread in the form of vigilant against cow slaughter, later in spread to kidnapping and other sorts of crimes. According to unofficial estimates around 120 people have killed throughout the country.

This Research Paper submits the study of crimes that are performed through/via these social media giants while sharing information, giving opinion, posting of malicious content, spreading of bogus news and information, cyber bullying, social media trolling, social media lynching, and cases of mob lynching that had happened in past few years by bogus and malicious information’s.


Today the society has progressed towards a digital world, artificial intelligence &  machine learning where content has been created automatically in order to support the digital world concept. But the fact is that it doesn’t matter that we live in digital world or in a stone age, flow of information has always been the need of society. Social media giants are the Intermediaries/digital communities which promotes the creation and sharing of data (information) in textual, pictorial, animation, and in video graphics forms. Everyone present on these platforms are providers and creators of the information. There is no genus of providers and consumers on these platforms.



Cases related to Mob Lynching in India:

1. Kherlanji Massacre 2006:  On 29th September 2006, the first case revealed in Quite a while identified with lynching. It happened at Bhandara region in the territory of Maharashtra. The lynching was because of a land debate where a crowd of in any event 50 townspeople jumped into the place of the casualty beating four individuals from the family and marching stripped the spouse and their little girl before they killed them.

2. Jharkhand Lynching 2017:  On 18th May 2017, in the districts of Jharkhand people had observed seven men being accused of Child lifting and was lynched by the people. The violence occurred due to circulation of warning messages in WhatsApp regarding child lifters around the district.

3. Thoubal, Manipur Lynching 2017: On 29th June 2017, Md Rakib Ali (19years) Md. Anish (20years) were lynched by an angry mob in Thoubal district, Manipur. The very next day a video clip was posted on Facebook by the Chief Minister Biren Singh on his page criticizing the event.

4. The 2015 in a famous Dadri mob lynching refers to case of mob lynching in which a mob of angry villagers attacked the home of 52 year old Muslim man Mohammed Akhlaq, lynched him, for suspicion of slaughtering a cow.


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