MINORITY RIGHTS

 Article 29 protects the interests of the minorities by making a provision that any citizen / section of citizens having a distinct language, script or culture have the right to conserve the same. Article 29 mandates that no discrimination would be done on the ground of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

Article 30 of Indian Constitution defines the minority rights

firstly it guarantees to all investors wages minorities to establish The and the right to administer educational institutions of their own choice the right conferred by this loss of two types of allottees religious and linguistic minorities the management must be free of control so that the founder of the community can mould institution at the thing between according with their ideas of how the interest of a company in general and then the Constitution in particular will be served.

Secondly of article 30 is that the state from making discrimination in the matter of grant of aid to any education institution on the ground that is managed by the religious and linguistic minority.
And third the Indian Constitution consist of provision that safeguards the various rights of a naughty community in the country keeping in mind the principle of quality as well.

Article 30 was adopted on third December 8, 1948

Nearly on December 8, 1948 there was a debate
The debate was the constituent assembly debated around the need for imparting primary education is one’s mother tongue one of the member of the assembly moved an amendment to restrict the scope of this article link mystic minorities you are good that a secular state should not recognize minorities based on religion.
Then another member of the assembly propose to guarantee linguistic minorities in the fundamental right to to receive primary education in their language and script.
Because he was concerned about the state of minority languages even in religious which has a significant minority population.
Some concept of the majority in the in the Indian Constitution religious Minorities.

Religious minorities
While Article 30 and Article 29 of the Constitution do not specify ‘minorities’ in India, it is classified into religious minorities and linguistic minorities.
Religious Minorities in India
The basic ground for a community to be nominated as a religious minority is the numerical strength of the community. For example, in India, Hindus are the majority community. As India is a multi-religious country, it becomes important for the government to conserve and protect the religious minorities of the country.
Section 2, clause (c) of the National Commission of Minorities Act, declares six communities as minority communities. They are:
Muslims
Christians
Buddhists
Sikhs
Jains and
Zoroastrians (Parsis)
Linguistic Minorities
Class or group of people whose mother language or mother tongue is different from that of the majority groups is known as the linguistic minorities. The Constitution of India protects the interest of these linguistic minorities.
There is prime minister programme for minoritoies rights  Programme for the Welfare of Minorities”.
An important objective of the Programme is to ensure that an appropriate percentage of the priority sector lending is targeted for the minority communities and that the benefits of various government sponsored schemes reach the under-privileged, which includes the disadvantaged sections of the minority communities.
(A) Enhancing opportunities for Education
(1) Equitable availability of ICDS Services
(2) Improving access to School Education
(3) Greater resources for teaching Urdu
(4) Modernizing Madarsa Education
(5) Scholarships for meritorious students from minority communities

(6) Improving educational infrastructure through the Maulana Azad Education

(7) Self-Employment and Wage Employment for the poor
(a) The Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY),
(b) The Swarn Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) consists of two major
components namely, the Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP) and the
Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP).

(8) Upgradation of skills through technical training

(9) Enhanced credit support for economic activities
(a)The National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC)
(b) Bank credit is essential for creation and sustenance of self-employment
initiatives.

(10)Recruitment to State and Central Services
(a) In the recruitment of police personnel, State Governments will be advised to give
special consideration to minorities.
(b) The Central Government will take similar action in the recruitment of personnel to
the Central police forces.
(c) Large scale employment opportunities are provided by the Railways, nationalized
banks and public sector enterprises.
(d) An exclusive scheme will be launched for candidates belonging to minority
communities to provide coaching in government institutions as well as private
coaching institutes with credibility.
(C) Improving the conditions of living of minorities
(11)Equitable share in rural housing scheme
The Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) provides financial assistance for shelter to the
rural poor living below the poverty line.
(12)Improvement in condition of slums/areas inhabited by minority
communities
(a) Under the schemes of Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme
(IHSDP) and Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
(b) Under Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG) scheme, Urban Infrastructure
Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and National
Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
(D) Prevention & Control of Communal Riots
(13)Prevention of communal incidents
(14)Prosecution for communal offences
(15)Rehabilitation of victims of communal riots

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