MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT LAWS

Article by Muskan singh at lexcliq

Media and entertainment laws

Media and entertainment laws mostly deals news industry and entertainment industry matters which mainly includes issues such as plagiarism check, authenticity of news, infringement of freedom of speech right, defamation claims, sponsorship & partnerships contracts, dispute resolution. It also majorly concerns on right to free speech and censorship. It handles legal matters related to intellectual property rights ( IPR ) which may arise during creation of original work or introduction of innovative creative ideas of entertainment field.

Media law also refers to the legal regulation of culture, entertainment, advertising, broadcasting, telecommunications & things related to digital platforms and analogue media. It includes books, videos, audios, photographs, graphics, software, databases, online publications and other content.
It is the fastest growing sector in the worlds with largest output by media. Increasing investments in film industry and production encouraging regulatory environment. Hence in order to maintain peace in media and entertainment also to avoid any violation of intellectual properties or copyrights, freedom of speech and expressions, etc. various acts have been enacted for these industries.

There are many acts and rights to protect the core foundation of media at different levels and fields. Suppression of power of press is one of the sensitive issue in any democracy. It is presumed that freedom of speech under Article 19 of the Indian constitution covers Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression of media.

Indian media and entertainment laws 

The Press Council Act, 1978 – It is an act to establish a Press Council for the purpose of preserving the freedom of the Press, maintenance and enhancement of the newspapers standards of news agencies in India.

Press and Registration Books Act, 1867 – It is an Act for the regulation of Printing-presses and Newspapers, preservation of plagiarism of books, regulation of printing press. This is an important act which also contains rules for registration of books, declaration by keepers of press and publishers of newspaper, delivery of books, penalties.

Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 – It is the enabling legislation in India which governs the use of wired and wireless telegraphy, telephones, teletype, radio communications and digital data communications.

Copyrights Act, 1957 – It is to protect original literary work, dramatic, musical and artistic works and cinematograph films and sound recordings from unauthorised uses. Copyright protects the expressions and not the ideas of the creators.

Cinematograph Act, 1952 – This act ensures that films fulfil the objectives prescribed by law. It provides provisions for the establishment of a Central Board of Film Certification (Censor Board), that is the regulatory body in India that issues a certificate to the makers of films for public exhibition.

Cable Television Network (Regulation) Act, 1994 – It is an Act to regulate the operation of cable television networks in the country and resolve issues related to it.

Trade Marks Act, 1999 – It deals with the protection, registration and prevention of fraudulent use of trademarks and also proprietors of trademarks & penalties for infringement of the act, remedies for the damages as well as modes of transference of the trademark.

Right to Information Act, 2005 – This act was implemented to extend freedom of media in India, and also other regulations like Telecommunications (Broadcasting and Cable Services) Interconnection Regulations, Co- production treaties, Policy Guidelines for Downlinking of Television Channels from India, direct to home laws and Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) – regulator of the telecommunications sector in India.

 

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