LAW OF THE SEA BY GRISHMA SHETTY @ LEXCLIQ

Law of the sea

By Grishma Shetty at lexcliq

Introduction:

The term law of the sea appears similar to the term maritime law, but it has a significantly different meaning. The law of the sea is a body of customs, treaties, and international agreements by which governments maintain order, productivity, and peaceful relation on the sea. UN convention on sea opened for signature on 10th December, 1982 in which 119 countries signed .it comprises 360 articles, 9 annexes, governing all aspects of ocean space. Law on the sea were evolved during the time of Grotius and they were observed by the states as customary rules of international law.

The sea is divided into 5 parts, namely-

  1. Territorial sea = sovereignty of the state is confined not only to the waters and land lying within its boundaries. It also extends to a part of the sea which is adjacent to the coastal state. These waters are contained in a certain zone or belt called marginal zone or marginal belt and the rights which the coastal states enjoy is called the marginal rights. Extension of the sovereignty of the coastal states over the territorial sea or marginal zone is bases on the principle which can be summarized as the land dominates the sea. Territorial sea therefore maybe defined as that part of the sea which is adjacent to the coast and over which international law permits the coastal states to exercise sovereignty subject only to a general right of innocent passage on the part to foreign shipping.
  2. Contiguous zone=it is that part of the sea which is beyond and adjacent to the peritoneal waters of the coastal state. The coastal state does not exercise sovereignty over this part of the sea; however, they may take appropriate action to protect its revenue and like matters. It was to extend 12 miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. The limit of the contiguous zone has extended by the Geneva convention of 1982 which provided that it may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.
  3. Continental shelf= the concept of the continental shelf is mainly co related with the exploitation of the natural resources from the sea adjacent to territorial sea. It was therefore of little importance until the exploitation of natural resources became technically possible. The Indian position on continental shelf has been made clear under section 6 of the maritime zones act, 1976. The section lays down that the continental shelf of India comprises ‘the sea bed and subsoil of the marine areas that extend beyond the limit of the territorial waters through the natural prolongation of its land territory to the outer edge of the continental margin or to a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baseline where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend up to that distance.’
  4. Exclusive economic zone= the exclusive zone is an area beyond to the territorial sea extending up to 200 nautical miles seaward from the costal baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. The maritime zones act, 1976 under section 7 provides that the e exclusive economic zone of India is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial waters and the limit of such zone is 200 nautical miles from the baseline from where the territorial waiters is measured.
  5. High sea= the freedom of high seas may be exercised by states. However, the above basic rule is subject to certain restrictions and limitations. Convention od 1982 under article 87(2) lays down the limitations of the general nature on the freedom of the high seas by stating that the freedom of the high seas shall be exercised with due regard for the interests of other states.

Leave a Reply

Articles

Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops #1 Premium Fast Fat Melting Morning Diet Exposed Or Know Reality About This Formula(REAL OR HOAX)

Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops Brand – Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops Product Benefits – Fat And Weight Lose, Increase Energy Side Effects – No Major Side Effects, (100% Natural) Supplement Form – Drops Availability – Online Customer Reviews – 5/5 Price – Visit Official Website Refund Policy – 30-Day Money-Back Policy Free Shipping On All Orders    […]

Read More
Articles

Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops Being Too Overweight Puts Your Body In Modulator of Metabolism Satate(Work Or Hoax)

Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops Brand – Ignite Amazonian Sunrise Drops Product Benefits – Fat And Weight Lose, Increase Energy Side Effects – No Major Side Effects, (100% Natural) Supplement Form – Drops Availability – Online Customer Reviews – 5/5 Price – Visit Official Website Refund Policy – 30-Day Money-Back Policy Free Shipping On All Orders    […]

Read More
Articles

How do I transfer a PDF to an image clearly?

The PDF-to-image converter software is a very efficient tool for users, and they can easily use this feature on their desktops. The tool quietly works on Windows platforms without any data loss. Users can easily convert their files into PDF to Image converters. The software offers a free demo trial version for users. Technical and […]

Read More