Right to equality
Right to equality is a fundamental right. It includes the right to get treated equally without any discrimination, get equal opportunities for the public employment etc…Right to equality is one of the important rights which are there in almost all the countries in the world. In India right to equality is mentioned under article 14,15,16,17 and 18 of the Indian constitution. Article 14 deals with equality before the law. It says that the law of the land protects all citizens equally and at every situation, everyone will be considered equal. Section 15 deals with the social equality and equal access to public places. No one should get any additional advantage because of the religion, caste, sex, place of birth or anything of that person. Everyone has right to access to public places without any discrimination. But this section has some exceptions. The government may allow only some particular class of people to enter in areas which are exclusively made for their use. For instance, the government can make special provisions for women or children if it is needed according to necessity. Others are barred entering there as it is exclusively made for their enjoyment or use. The government can also make such rules for the upliftment of any deprived categories.
Article 16 deals with equality in the matter of public employment. All the people have right to get employed in the government sector and no one should be deprived of that right. But that also comes with certain exceptions. Government may create certain employment for people of certain categories for their upliftment. There can be certain reservation in government jobs for certain categories for their upliftment. In every government jobs some reservation are there for people who belongs to backward classes. The intention is to give some support to them so they can compete with other people and get a job by the advantage of these reservations. Law should be applied equally among equals. But everyone in the society is not facilitated with every thing and deprived of many things which are available for others. Hence it is important for them to be uplifted. These types of reservations will help for it. Government may also create any job for the people belonging to a particular region or those people who have knowledge in that particular field depending upon the job requirements. For instance, there is nothing which precludes the government from calling of applications from the people belonging to a particular region if it is needed for the nature of the job. That won’t amount to the violation of this provision. Article 17 deals with abolition of untouchability. The practice of untouchability is an offence and if anyone does that offence will be prosecuted as per the untouchability offences act, 1976. Article 18 prohibits the state from conferring any titles to anyone except the academic or military titles. This section also precludes any Indian citizens from accepting any title from any foreign countries.
The right to equality is a positive right as well as a negative right. That means it deals with the things that to be done for the equality and also the things which should not to be done and must be avoided for maintaining equality. Right to equality, Right to freedom and Right to life and liberty are known as the golden triangle of Indian constitution. It is called so considering its importance in the life and freedom of every citizen of India.