Who are considered as juvenile , under law a person who is not major not attained aa adult and even not mentally and physically mature are juvenile. According to dictionary Juvenile means childish or immature. It is an adjective, which is enlisted in the law for relating to a young person who is not yet old enough to be considered an adult, as per the Cambridge dictionary. It can be used as a noun in the law. And according to the meaning given under Indian constitution if a child is below the age of 18 so under the Indian Laws, Section 2 (k) of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act,2000 defines “juvenile” or “Child” as a person who has not completed eighteenth year of age.
At time is evolving there is advancement of technologies and mind set of children ,which effects mostly the minor person , they sometimes don’t get guidance and even under peer pressure they start doing activities which turns out be illegal, this was the scenario in earlier development phase also . Under Guardianship act also it is defined that a person who is below 18 year is child , for maintenance ,guidance , inheritance ,love and affection they need their guardian either natural or legal, which means law also justify that below 18 yrs. person is not mentally fit to take reasonable steps .An even more astonishing part of this aspect is that the children are being used as tools for the commission of a crime, and this age group includes especially children aged between 6-12 years, as at this point of time, the minds of innocent children can be manipulated in an easier way. So there is need of legislation so that it includes all the laws related to juvenile and even that offense is recognized after the age of attaining majority.
The act Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 , seeks to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children as ratified by India on December 11, 1992. It specifies procedural safeguards in cases of children in conflict with law. This act provides various redressal and it also includes
Punishment for Offences Against Children ,The JJ Act, 2015 includes a separate chapter on offences against child and several of the offences listed in this chapter were so far not adequately covered under any other law. These include sale and procurement of children for any purpose including illegal adoption, corporal punishment in child care institutions, giving children intoxicating liquor or narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or tobacco products, use of child by militant or adult groups, offences against disabled children and, kidnapping and abduction of children.