1914 TO 1918 First World War took place and from 1939 to 1945 second world war happened.
In 1995, World Bank Vice President said that till now countries have fought over oil, nuclear weapons etc. but the war of the next century will be fought over water.
INDUS VALLEY WATER TREATY –
On 14th February, 2019 Pulwama Attack took place and after this attack on 21st February India’s Water Resources Minister tweeted that – “Our Govt has decided to stop our share of water which used to flow to Pakistan. We will divert water from eastern rivers and supply it to our people in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.”
Reacting to Gadkari’s statement, Pakistan’s Federal Minister of Water Resources Faisal Vawda questioned India’s intention to stop the flow of water and warned that any Indian misadventure will be remembered by seven generations of their country.
In 1960 India’s Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru and Pakistan President Ayub Khan with the help of World Bank organization signed the water sharing treaty known as “Indus Water Treaty” Sindhu Jal Samadhi.
Indus water system have six river – Sindhu, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
World Bank through this Water Sharing Treaty divided these six rivers into two parts –
First was Pakistan Western River System under which- Indus, Jhelum and Chenab
And the Eastern River System which comes under India have – Ravi, Beas and Sutlej
Total in these 6 river there is 16.8 CAF Water, out of which the rivers under India have 20%, and in other have Pakistan side have 80 % of its water.
While signing this treaty India knew Pakistan is getting more benefit from this Treaty still we agreed to Sign. As we thought after this treaty Pakistan will feel secure and would not involve himself in any type of Hostile Activity against India.
The western side of Pakistan Rivers no consumptive use can be utilised by India which means – in that river we cannot make any irrigation system or storage system but other uses then this we can use their water.
This Indus Water Treaty is one of the most successful treaty under International Community because after having four war between these two countries this treaty was surviving still.
And at today’s time we are actually utilising only 3.1 CAF water and rest of the water of 6 to 7 % is sent to Pakistan only.
So after the attack on India that 6 to 7 % water which was sent to Pakistan is now planned to utilise it for our own country.
SO for using the unutilized water in development process of India Three project are started-
Shahpur-Kandi Project, Sutlej- Beas link Punjab and Ujh Dam in Kashmir.
So Pakistan – India Relations have not only affected both the countries but it have also affected the citizens of the both side.
In the end, though, a treaty only works as long as its participants help make it work. And as our Prime Minster NARENDRA MODI SAID –
WATER AND BLOOD CANNOT FLOW TOGETHER.