The Medical Council, constituted under the Act, consists of following members, namely:
(a) One member from each State to be nominated by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government concerned.
(b) One member from each university, to be elected from among the members of the medical faculty of the university, by members of the Senate or by members of the Court of the University.
(c) One member from each State in which a State Medical Register is maintained, to be elected from among themselves by persons enrolled on such register.
(d) Seven members to be elected from among themselves by persons enrolled on any of the State Medical Registers.
(e) Eight members to be nominated by the Central Government.
They hold office for a term of five years. A president and a vice-president are elected from among these members. The Council appoints a Registrar who acts as secretary and may also act as treasurer, who looks after the day to day work. The Executive Committee consists of president, vice president and 7 to 10 other members. Other committees for general or special purposes are constituted from among its members.
Schedules: The First Schedule of the Act contains the recognized medical qualifications granted by universities in India; the Second Schedule those granted outside India. Part I of the Third Schedule contains those granted by medical institutions not included in the First Schedule; part II of the Third Schedule those granted outside India, but not included in the Second Schedule.
FUNCTIONS OF INDIAN MEDICAL COUNCIL
- Medical Register: The Council maintains a register of medical practitioners, known as the Indian Medical Register. It contains the names of all persons who are enrolled on any State Medical Register. If the name of a person enrolled on a State Medical Register is removed from the Register, the Council also removes such person’s name from the Indian Medical Register.
- Medical Education: The Council has the authority to prescribe standards of postgraduate medical education for the guidance of the universities. It may advise the universities in maintaining uniform standards for postgraduate medical education throughout India. A Postgraduate Medical Education Committee, consisting of nine members is constituted for this purpose. Prior approval of IMC is necessary before starting a new medical college or to increase the number of seats and a new postgraduate medical course in any discipline. If this mandatory regulation is not followed, the qualification will not be recognized by I.M.C.
The Council maintains the standards of undergraduate medical education. The Council may prescribe the minimum standards of medical education required for granting recognized medical qualifications by universities or medical institutions in India. It appoints Medical Inspectors to attend at any or all examinations held by universities or institutions in India, for the purpose of recommending to the Central Government, recognition of medical qualifications. The Inspectors have no power to interfere with the conduct of any training or examination. The Inspectors report to the Council on the adequacy of the standards of medical education, including staff, equipment, accommodation, training, and other facilities prescribed for giving medical education and on the sufficiency of every examination they attended.
The Council forwards a copy of any such report to the university or medical institution concerned for its remarks. A copy with the remarks of the university or institution is sent to the Central Government. If the Council is not satisfied with the standards, it can make a representation to the Central Government to withdraw recognition of any medical qualifications of any College or University. The Council on getting assurance for future rectifications of all deficiencies by the institution, can send its recommendation to the Central Government for reconsideration. The Central Government will again refer it to the council, which in turn will send its inspectors to visit the institutions for verifying the implementation of assurances and will send the reports to the Central Government.
Any university which grants a medical qualification not included in the First Schedule may apply to the Central Government to recognize the qualification. The Central Government, after consulting the Council, may by notification in the Official Gazette amend the First Schedule so as to include such qualification therein.