Crime is an inevitable part of a nation/country. Where there will be people, a living population residing then it’s obvious that the crime in some form or other will take place. People are subject to different kind of emotions and thus, different mood swings. Each human being is brimmed with divergent characteristics making him different from others. Because of this, the perception of each person varies to a large extent and this sense to perceive things effects the person’s emotion and this is how a person comprehends the tasks as good or bad.
As all people are different in their nature and approach, their methods of conduct are affected accordingly. Some only account things which are good and ignore all sort of toxic and negative things. Whereas, some do not ignore the bad and are vengeance in nature and thus try to take the revenge for all the wrongful acts performed towards him. Where some are of extremely vicious and shabby nature, some are hugely helpful and provide services for others welfare. Due to this variety, every person tends to think in his own way and thus react to a situation the way his mind directs him to do. Based upon this reaction only, the act of the person is classified.
CRIME can be said to be an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government especiallya gross violation of law or any grave offense especially against morality or a criminal activity or something reprehensible, foolish, or disgraceful. It is a deliberate act that causes physical or psychological harm, damage to or loss of property, and is against the law.
There are lots of different types of crime and nearly everyone will experience a crime at some point in their lives. One in five people were affected by crime last year; the equivalent of ten million people. It affects people from all backgrounds, locations and ages; more than one in ten children have been a victim of crime in the past year.
Crime in India increased by 1.3% in 2018 compared to 2017, the latest report of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) revealed. Under the ‘Crime in India’ statistics, there were 50 lakh cognizable crimes registered in the year 2018. A total of 50.74 lakh crimes, including 31.32 lakh under the Indian Penal Code and 19.41 lakh under the Special Local Laws (SLL) were registered in 2018, whereas in 2017, the number stood at 50.7 lakh.
Across the country, a total of 1.05 lakh cases of kidnapping and abduction were registered in 2018. It is an increase of 10.3 per cent in such cases when compared to 2017. In the case of murders, a total of 29,017 murders were reported in 2018, which is 1.3% more than in 2017. The report also revealed that dispute was the major motive behind – 9263 murder cases followed by personal vendetta – 3875 cases and gain – 2,995 cases.
CRIME AGAINST WOMEN:-The Semantic meaning of “crime against women” is direct or indirect physical or mental cruelty to women. Crimes which are directed specifically against women and in which only women are victims are characterized as Crime against Women.
The United Nations defined “Violence against Women” in 1993 in Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. It defines it as any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
The number of cases registered under the ‘crime against women’ category in 2018 was 3,78,277. The number of rape cases, as defined in IPC section 376, was 33,356 in 2018.
This is the oldest and the most prestigious publication brought out by NCRB. The data for the report is collected by State Crime Records Bureaux (SCRBx) from the District Crime Records Bureaux (DCRBx) and sent to NCRB at the end of every calendar year under the reference. Data from mega-cities (cities having population of 10 lakh or more as per the latest census) is also collected separately. District-wise data on some IPC heads is collected and published separately. The first edition of ‘Crime in India’ pertains to the year 1953 and the latest edition of the report pertains to the year 2019.
The report contains comprehensive information on: cases registered and their disposal and persons arrested and their disposal. Under major heads of Indian Penal Code and Special & Local Laws. Further, age-group-wise and sex-wise details of persons arrested under these crime-heads are also available in the report. The report contains a dedicated chapter on crime against some vulnerable sections of the society – women, children, Scheduled Castes / Scheduled Tribes and senior citizens.
So with all these statistics we conclude to opine that the crime is not merely the responsibility of the state, it’s also the duty of the citizens of India to enhance and grow themselves in the direction which will not only benefit the nation but the particular section of societies who are always afraid of the outer threats and mishappenings that might occur to them. So, in order to make them feel safe and secure and to make nation the nation worth living it’s essential that people establish a sense of safety amongst them and thus, reduction of crime rate be there in the society and then in whole nation.