IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION 

The worldwide Coronavirus outbreak has caused global economic instability, loss of revenues for both businesses and individuals, an increase in the unemployment rate, and a major decrease in stock markets. The possibility of a worsening worldwide effect looms as India tackles the Covid-19 tsunami.The worldwide pandemic, which has resulted in lockdowns in a number of countries throughout the world, has disrupted all aspects of life for an unknown amount of time. Distancing oneself from the rest of society has shown to be the most effective weapon in combating the spread of this extremely infectious illness. However, many sectors throughout the world have been altered and revolutionised as a result of these social distancing requirements.This epidemic has wreaked havoc on India’s legal system. Law companies in India and the Indian legal system have been forced to seal its doors to the general public once again because of social distancing duties and the country being placed under lockdown orders.Nonetheless, because a total shutdown of the Indian court system would be unfavourable, legal firms have established work-from-home rules, while judicial administrators have embraced technology by using video conferencing to conduct hearings.

 

IMPACT OF COVID 19 ON INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM 

Covid-19 has had a profound impact on the Indian legal system. It has shone a bright light on the archaic ways in which justice is administered, law is taught, and legal services are provided. Coronavirus has tapped into the promise of underutilised tools and new work patterns that the Indian legal sector has long rejected. Traditional working methods have been modified.Law schools switched to online learning in a couple of days, courts switched to the Virtual Courts System, and law firms continued to operate from home, demonstrating that technology is a lifeline for the Indian legal environment. 

The pandemic’s impact has been most seen in Indian courtrooms. In order to maintain social distance and prevent the spread of the second wave of this contagious virus, Indian courts have once again turned to Virtual Courtrooms to ensure that justice is administered without interruption. It is important to remember that the notion of virtual courts is not new in India.

In the case of State of Maharashtra v. Prafulla Desai, the Supreme Court of India decided that a Court’s video conferencing recording of evidence is ‘as per the method provided by law.’ Since then, numerous Indian subordinate courts have issued rules in this regard and have conducted judicial sessions through video conferencing.

 

CHALLENGES TO THE INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM

As the globe embraces social distancing tactics, the enthusiasm with which litigation once championed conflict resolution appears to be fading. Regular court sessions in India are being postponed or transferred to the Virtual CourtRoom System. With India’s courts already overwhelmed by massive backlogs, the virus may merely add to the problem.Hearings being postponed isn’t the only issue that the judicial system is dealing with. The process of obtaining evidence and questioning witnesses is also becoming increasingly difficult due to movement restrictions around the country.

Finally, the change of the justice delivery system to a digital court system may lead to a greater use of artificial intelligence in the future. Due to the artificial intelligence structure’s partial nature and incomprehensibility, this might obstruct the delivery of justice.

 

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