GRIEVOUS HURT

Article by Muskan singh at lexcliq

 

Grievous hurt

Section 320 of Indian penal code defines grievous hurt –

“Whoever cause any such injury to anyone which may result in suffering unbearable pain or a serious injury which may last for 20 days causing failure to follow regular work.”

Following are the only kinds of hurt which is termed as grievous –

  • Emasculation – To deprive of virility or procreative power.
  • Injuring eyesight – Permanent injury to eyesight or either of the eye.
  • Inflicting deafness – Permanent deafness or injury to either of the eye.
  • Loss of limb – Privation of any member or joint (loss of limb).
  • Impairing of Limb – The partial or total loss of function of a body part.
  • Disfiguration – Permanent disfiguration of the head or face.
  • Dislocated or broken bones – Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth.
  • Hurt that apprehends to cause death – Any hurt which risks life or which causes the victim to be during the time of twenty days in severe bodily pain, or unable to follow his ordinary pursuits.

Voluntarily caused Grievous hurt 

Section 322 of the Indian penal code defines deliberately caused Grievous hurt.

Whoever deliberately causes hurt, if the hurt which he expects to cause or realizes that himself will generally be prone to cause is grievous hurt, and if the hurt which he causes is grievous hurt, is said “willfully to cause grievous hurt.”

Section 325 of Indian penal code

Except from the situation accommodated by Section 335, whoever willfully causes grievous hurt will be rebuffed with the detainment of either portrayal for a term which may extend to seven years and will likewise be obligated to fine.

Section 326 of the Indian penal code defines grievous hurt by any weapons or other means –

Except the section 335 of IPC, whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt by any means of instrument such as shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrument used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, or by means of fire or any heated substance, or by means of any poison or any corrosive substance, or by means of any explosive substance, or by means of any substance which it is deleterious to the human body to inhale, to swallow, or to re­ceive into the blood, or by means of any animal, shall be pun­ished under this section by either a minimum punishment of 10 years imprisonment or it may be extended to life imprisonment and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 326A of Indian Penal Code

Whoever makes changeless or halfway harm or distortion, or consumes or mutilates or distorts or cripples, any part or parts of the body of an individual or causes offensive hurt by tossing corrosive on or by regulating corrosive to that individual, or by utilizing some other methods with the expectation of causing or with the information that he is probably going to cause such hurt, the punishment for this offense may extend to 10 years or life imprisonment with fine.

Section 326B of Indian Penal Code

Whoever tosses or endeavors to toss corrosive on any individual or endeavors to control corrosive to any individual, or endeavors to utilize some other methods, with the aim of causing lasting or fractional harm or deformation or distortion or inability or grievous hurt to that individual, the punishment for this offense is 5 years imprisonment which may extend to 7 years and also liable for fine.

Section 330 of the Indian penal code defines -Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property.

Whoever voluntarily causes hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer, any confession or any information which may lead to the detection of an offence or misconduct, or for the purpose of constraining the sufferer or any person inter­ested in the sufferer to restore or to cause the restoration of any property or valuable security or to satisfy any claim or demand, or to give information which may lead to the restoration of any property or valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Grievous hurt by provocation

Section 335 of the Indian penal code defines any voluntarily causing hurt on provocation or intentionally causing offensive hurt on incitement

“Whoever intentionally causes grievous hurt on grave and unexpected incitement or provocation, if he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause grievous hurt to any person other than the person who gave the provocation, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to four years, or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, or with both.”

Section 328 of the Indian penal code defines causing hurt by means of poison, etc. With intent to commit an offence.

Whoever administers to or causes to be taken by any person any poison or any  intoxicating or unwholesome drug, or other thing with intent to cause hurt to such person, or with intent to commit or to facilitate the commission of an offence or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

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