Individuals must be able to exercise certain rights, There are some rights that must be protected to every person, especially in a democratic democracy like ours. As a result, the Indian Constitution provides certain rights to its inhabitants. Fundamental Rights are what they’re called.
We frequently discuss rights, but do you understand what the term “rights” means? People’s interactions are governed by their rights. They impose limitations and duties on the acts of the government as well as people or groups. If someone has a right to life, for example, this means that others cannot murder him or her. Person rights are defined as claims made by an individual that are necessary for his or her own growth and are acknowledged by society or the state. These are the fundamental normative norms regarding what is allowed or due to individuals, according to some court system, social norm, or ethical theory, and they are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement. Rights are frequently seen as pillars of society and culture, and are therefore considered vital to civilisation.
As we’ve seen, rights are claims that are necessary for an individual’s survival and growth. There will be a large list of rights in this regard. While all of these are acknowledged by society, the State recognises and enshrines some of the most essential rights in the Constitution. Fundamental rights are the name given to such rights. Because of two factors, these rights are essential. The first is that they are stated in the Constitution, which guarantees them, and the second is that they are justiciable, meaning that they may be enforced via the courts. Being justiciable implies that if they are violated, the individual can seek protection from the courts. Any law enacted by a government that limits any of these rights would be ruled unconstitutional.
The Constitution guarantees basic freedoms to all citizens, both individually and collectively. These are ensured in the Constitution in the form of six broad categories of Fundamental Rights, which are enforceable. Fundamental Rights are addressed in Articles 12 through 35,Such rights are provided in Part III of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies. While these fundamental rights are universal, the Constitution provides for some exceptions and restrictions.
The right to equality (Articles 14–18) ensures that everyone has equal rights, regardless of religion, gender, caste, colour, or place of birth. It guarantees equitable job opportunities in the government and protects against discrimination in employment by the state on the basis of caste, religion, and other factors. The elimination of titles, as well as untouchability, are all part of this right.
According to the Constitution, Indian citizens have six freedoms. The right to freedom (Articles 19 – 22) guarantees that Indian citizens are free to go about their everyday lives without undue government restriction, harassment, or monitoring.
Every Indian citizen has the right to be protected from being abused or misused. The Constitution’s right against exploitation (Articles 23–24) safeguards minors, the vulnerable, and the impoverished from bonded labour, child labour, and people trafficking.
Right to Religious Freedom (Articles 25–28) reflects the Indian polity’s secular nature. All religions are treated with equal respect. There is religious freedom in terms of conscience, profession, practise, and dissemination. There is no official religion in the state. Every individual has the freedom to freely exercise his or her religion, as well as to create and maintain religious and philanthropic organisations.
Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29–30) protect religious, cultural, and linguistic minorities’ rights by making it easier for them to maintain their history and culture. Educational rights are meant to ensure that everyone has access to a quality education without prejudice.
Right to Constitutional Remedies (32–35) If citizens’ basic rights are infringed, the Constitution promises remedies. No one’s rights may be infringed upon or curtailed by the government. When these rights are violated, the aggrieved person has the option of filing a lawsuit in court. Citizens can also move straight to the Supreme Court, which has the power to issue writs to enforce basic rights.