FOOD INSECURITY: FOOD IS MORE THAN MEALS…
Pandemic restrictions have made it more difficult to access food, and economic downturns around the globe which mean long-lasting inability to afford food for hundreds of millions of people. The hunger crisis will have dramatic implications in many areas. In 2019, an estimated 135 million people faced life-threatening food insecurity, according to the World Food Program (WFP), the UN food assistance agency. Now, that number is forecasted to double due to the coronavirus pandemic, with food emergencies affected countries that have not required intervention in the past.
Pandemic restrictions have made it more difficult to access food, and economic downturns around the globe could mean long-lasting inability to afford food for hundreds of millions of people. The hunger crisis will have dramatic implications in many areas.
Food security is not just about consuming enough calories but also adequate nutrition. This means taking in macronutrients—carbohydrates, fats, and proteins—as well as micronutrients, which are vitamins and minerals. Such diets are far out of reach for people living on less than RS.150 per day at 2011 prices, which aid officials define as the threshold for extreme poverty. Roughly 690 million people are undernourished globally, but more than 3 billion can’t access the cheapest healthy diets. Additionally, obesity is of growing concern in low- and high-income countries alike, as families turn to cheap foods that are high in fat, salt, and sugar.
For example, people with type 2 diabetes may find themselves limited to purchasing inexpensive, high-calorie, nutritionally poor foods ( eg, foods high in refined carbohydrates) instead of foods that are more healthful, such as vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. … Food insecurity is associated with low incomes.
The countries at greatest risk of worsening food crises are those that are heavily dependent on imports; lack a diversity of food suppliers; already facing shocks due to conflict, climate events, or economic troubles. Low-income countries, which typically have more labor-intensive food supply chains involving planting or harvesting, have seen significant disruptions. Wealthy nations, too, have been seriously challenged, despite having more capital-intensive, mechanized supply chains. Many of these countries rely on foreign agricultural workers to harvest crops by hand, but pandemic-related travel restrictions have prevented or hindered the movement of migrant laborers.
In Afghanistan, the pandemic’s economic falling condition has worsened already Huge poverty and food insecurity, creating a humanitarian challenge. Aid workers say that they have not seen this kind of problems. children with unemployed parents have higher rates of food insecurity than children with employed parents. Neighborhood conditions may affect physical access to food. For example, people living in some urban areas, rural areas, and low-income neighborhoods may have limited access to full-service supermarkets or grocery stores.
Food assistance programs, such as the National School Launch Program (NSLP), The Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), address barriers to accessing healthy food..Studies show these programs may reduce food insecurity. More research is needed to understand food insecurity and its influence on health outcomes and disparities. Future studies should consider characteristics of communities and households that influence food insecurity. This additional evidence will facilitate public health efforts to address food insecurity as a social determinant of health.