FACTORIES ACT, 1948
In the 19th century, a large rise was there in the industries and if something rises so rapidly then there could be more chances of problems related to them and especially laws are to set up for them also.
The act was amended several times like in 1934 all the previous legislation was replaced and then the act was drafted in the light of the recommendations on Royal Commission on Labour and it was amended from time to time.
There were many ups and downs for the workers to work in the factory so that’s why this factory act came for the benefit of the workers and in the act of 1934, it had revealed several defects and weakness which have hampered the effective administration of the Act. Thus, finally the act came in 1948 consolidating and amending the law relating to labour in factories that were passed by the constituent assembly on August 28, 1948.
If we look at the objectives of the factories act it’s main work is to provide health and safety to the worker, women’s, that are working in the factory with special provisions relating to the act.
-Working hours: There should be a weekly holiday and no adult is allowed to work more than 48 hours a week.
-Health: Cleanliness is the major issue in India especially when it comes to India in restrooms but here we are talking about factories that are that it should be kept clean and all necessary precautions should be taken in this regard. Moreover, the factories should have a proper drainage system, temperature maintenance, adequate lighting, and ventilation should be there and these are the basic need for maintaining health.
There should be clean drinking water which should get cleaned timely and proper latrines and urinals should be maintained at convenient place and it must be located at that place where it should be easily accessible for the workers.
-Safety: Workers should be safe in the factory is the duty of the owner of the factory where the factory should provide proper fencing, where no younger person should be allowed at dangerous machines.
If we talk about the penalties due to the factories act then imprisonment which could be extended to one year and fines could be imposed which may extend to one lakh.
Applicability of the Act
The act will apply to any factory where ten or more workers are working, we’re working on any day of the preceding twelve months and whereas the importance of the act is that it is a beneficial legislation. The main aim of the act is that to safeguard the interest of the workers, with proper care of health and sanitization.
The factories act came for the benefits of the workers only for proper health, care, and sanitization. Everything is fixed as per the act like fixation of the wages, procedure. Factories the act also include women and women with children who cannot leave their child at home, so they can bring them at workplace and maintenance, is been made for them.