Human life and the Environment are interrelated and interdependent.Life of human without these Natural Resources like air, water,sunlight,tree etc would be impossible.Every year 5th June is praised as the world’s Environment day.This day is celebrated to raise awareness globally and spread positivity to protect our Environment.
Q. WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ?
It implies the law which adjusts the effects of human exercise on the environment.It covers the exercise that influence air,water,land,vegetation and fauna.It additionally incorporates the law which manage the assurance of the two plants and creatures.The sacred structure of india and the global responsibilities of indian have effectively mirrored the requirement for security and preservation of the climate and substitutable utilisation of regular assets.
• The constitution under Part IV A M(Article 51A) :
Fundamental duties states that it the duty of every citizen of india to protect and improve the natural environment which includes forests, lakes,rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for the living creator.
• The constitution Under Part IV (Article 48A) :
Directive Principles of state policies says that the states should also try to protect and improve the environment and safeguard the forest and wildlife of the country.Both the above articles were added to the indian constitution in the 42nd amendment act 1976.
• The Environmental Protection Act 1986 was passed under Article 253 of the indian constitution (which says parliament has the power to make laws for the country). Before independence, there were several laws related to the protection of the environment,yet,the genuine trust for putting uphold a very much created system came solely after the UN conference on the human environment (Stockholm 1972).After this Gathering, the public committee for environment strategy was setup in 1972 inside the branch of science and technology to setup an administrative body to care for natural related issue.
SOME OF THE IMPORTANT LEGISLATURE PASS UNDER THIS ACT :
1. The National Green Tribunal Act,2010
2. The Air (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act 1981
3. The water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act 1974
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN INDIA :
The environmental protection act 1986 came into force soon after the Bhopal gas tragedy.The demonstration gives the structure to considering,arranging and carrying out long terms necessities for ecological well being .The demonstration likewise setup the system for the coordination of states and central specialists setup under the water and air act .Under this demonstration the Central government is approved to take Vital measures to ensure and improve the nature of the climate by the setting norms for emanation and release of contamination in the air by any individual doing any modern activities, controlling the perilous waste, managing the area of venture wellbeing and government assistance.
PUNISHMENT OF NOT FOR FOLLOWING THE BEARING UNDER THIS DEMONSTRATION :
1.Will be Culpable with detainment as long as five year or with a fine up to Rs.1,000,00 or with both .
2 . If there should arise an occurrence of constitution of such savagery an extra fine of Rs 5000 for consistently during which disappointment proceeded after the conviction for the principal such disappointment or repudiation.
3. If the violation continues past the time of 1year after the date of conviction will be penalized with confinement for a term that may stretch up to seven years.
India has been facing a lot of problems related to pollution and there are several laws which are made to control and prevent the pollution but until and unless we don’t follow them we won’t be able to protect our environment and live a healthy and safe life .
WRITTEN BY MANVI SINGH…!!…