Duties of Indian Citizen by Remiya Rani

when we review the present situation of our society and country, the face of a sick man appears before us who at the outset was suffering from one disease but for want of proper treatment and medical facilities is today suffering from various diseases and waiting for death. what I mean to say that the social problems after independence have assumed the worst form in recent times. Old values, high ideals of society are disappearing. We find a complete lack of social responsibilities. Communal differences and selfishness are damaging our national unity. Dedication for country has become a thing of the past. We are blindly imitating the western cult. People are fighting only for their rights and always ignoring their duties.
Why is the situation so? One reason is the downfall in character. We are forgetting great values like love, goodwill, brotherhood and selflessness. Our first duty is to be polite and courteous and be ready to render selfless service to society. We must have a good civic sense and always keep in mind the pains and troubles of others. We also should be cooperative and sympathetic to others. We must be tolerant to the people of different religions and beliefs. Discipline in life is a very important duty of every citizen. We must say good bye to drugs, smoking and drinking.
India is a land of different religions, sects, beliefs and culture. As a conscious citizen of the country we must work for national unity. In unity lies the real strength. Communal feelings will only result in the disintegration of society. So there should be no place for hatred, jealousy and religious narrowness in our mind.
How can we make our country strong? It is possible only by doing our duties honestly. We should embrace the poor sections of society and try for their upliftment. Every able person of the society must try to wipe out the tears of the poor. We should be physically and mentally strong so that we may defend our nation from external and internal threats. To remove Corruption from society should be our motto. We must have a sense of true respect for women, children and old citizens. We should pay our taxes honestly. At last I can only say that it is the pious duty of every Indian to ensure unity and integrity od the country. Only be following these duties we can take our nation to peak of glory and pride.
Now if we are talking about duties, there must a discussion of Fundamental Duties of citizens provided by the constitution. These are statutory duties and are non enforceable by law, but a court may take them into account while adjudicating on a matter. The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in part 4-A of the constitution by 42nd amendment act, 1976, during emergency under Indira Gandhi’s government on the recommendations of Swaran Singh Committee. Today there are 11 Fundamental Duties described under Article 51-A. The idea of Fundamental Duties is inspired from the Constitution of Russia. Originally there were 10 Fundamental Duties, but one more duty was added through 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002. The Fundamental Duties serve as reminder to citizens that while enjoying their rights, they also have to be quite conscious of duties they owe to the country, their society and to their fellow citizens.
As you all know any initiation or any invention is not perfect in itself. In Fundamental duties also, there are some criticisms which I am going to discuss with you. The first criticism is that the duties are vague, ambiguous and difficult to be understood by the common people. They are not well prepared. The list of the duties is not exhaustive as it does not cover other important duties like casting votes, paying taxes, family planning and so on. The critics said that the inclusion of fundamental duties as an appendage to part 4 of the constitution has reduced to their values and significance. They should have been added after Part 3 so as to keep them on par with Fundamental Rights.

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