In India, the system of transferring wealth from bride’s side to groom’s family is a custom. It’s a traditional custom which is being followed till date. Where a marriage seems to be a deal between two families. Even in this era, this custom hasn’t stopped. In the rural areas of India and in the urban cities of the country this system of dowry is still carried out in the name of “ gifts “.
In ancient times, there were many valid reasons for this system. Back then people used to believe this is for the security of the bride in case of any misfortune causes to her family pr husband, since women did not get any right in her father’s property as men had an absolute right over it the dowry was given to her new family which includes – cash, jewellery, gold or metals, property or land, etc.
These expensive gifts on demand from a groom’s family affected many families in India. Initial purpose of dowry was converted into a treasure hunting stuff which eventually gave rise to criminal intentions. In greed of luxury groom’s families started torturing the bride her family.
Dowry undoubtedly became a major reason behind most of the physical violence against married women of the country. If the wife failed fulfilling demands of her husband and in laws then her life within the groom’s house become miserable. In such conditions she has to go through mental tortures, physical violence, rapes and even i
Sometimes brides may lose their lives too either by suiciding or by her in laws attempt to kill her for money.
The dowry prohibition act of 1961 was enacted and additionally the laws were made more stringent. Sections like 304 (B) for dowry death, section 498 for husband’s or his family’s cruelty on her wife was added in IPC and section 113 (B) presumption of dowry death have been made a part of Indian evidence act to reduce the numbers of such heinous dowry deaths.
Laws that cover dowry related crimes :
The Indian penal code
The criminal procedure code
Indian evidence act
Criminal law 2nd amendment act, 1983
Additionally under by the president of india to deal with dowry death cases and cruelty cases against married women.
Case laws :
Under IPC section 304 (B) –
Satvir Singh v. The state of Punjab & another.
Raja lal v. The State of Jharkhand
Meka Ramaswamy vs. Dasari mohan & others
Under 498 (A) –
Balwant Singh and others v. State of Himachal Pradesh
Under IEA section 113 (A) (B) –
Sham Lal v. State of Haryana
Harjit Singh v. State of Punjab
Kamesh Panjiyar alias Kamlesh Panjiyar v. State of Bihar
Dowry prohibition act, 1961 –
Sabitri Dei and others v. Sarat Chandra Rout and others
Suresh Kumar Singh v. State of U.P.