DOWRY LEGISLATIONS IN INDIA

INTRODUCTION 

Dowry is a societal scourge that has resulted in unspeakable tortures and atrocities against women, as well as polluting the Indian marriage system. Dowry is a contribution paid to a bride’s in-laws in cash or in kind at the time of her marriage. Today, the government has enacted a slew of legislation and reforms aimed not just at abolishing the dowry system, but also at improving the status of girls through a variety of initiatives. Dowry is a societal scourge that has resulted in unspeakable tortures and atrocities against women, as well as polluting the Indian marriage system. Dowry is a contribution paid to a bride’s in-laws in cash or in kind at the time of her marriage. Today, the government has enacted a slew of legislation and reforms aimed not just at abolishing the dowry system, but also at improving the status of girls through a variety of initiatives. 

 

THE DOWRY SYSTEM IMPACT 

Gender Discrimination: Due to the dowry system, women are frequently treated as liabilities and are generally subjected to subjection and second-class treatment in terms of education and other amenities. 

Having an Impact on Women’s Careers: The wider backdrop for the practise of dowry is women’s underrepresentation in the workforce and, as a result, their lack of financial independence. The poorer parts of society who send their daughters out to work to help them save money for her dowry. Regular middle and upper-class families send their girls to school, but they don’t place a high value on academics.

Many Women Stay Single: Despite being educated and professionally capable, an untold number of females in the nation remain unmarried indefinitely because their parents are unable to meet the demand for a pre-marriage dowry.

Objectification of Women: Today’s dowry is more like a financial investment by the bride’s family in order to get access to strong connections and money-making possibilities.

 

REQUIRED CHANGES ON THE LEGISLATION

Recognizing the Limitations of Political Solutions to Social Issues: No legislation can be implemented without the people’s full cooperation. Enacting a law, without a doubt, establishes a pattern of behaviour, stimulates social conscience, and aids social reformers in their efforts to repeal it.

Educating Girls: One of the most potent and important gifts that parents can provide to their daughters is education and freedom.This will enable her to be financially stable and a productive part of the family, earning her respect and proper family position.As a result, the finest dowry any parent can provide their daughter is a good education and encouragement to pursue a job of her choosing.

Dowry Acceptance Should Be Considered A Social Stigma: Dowry acceptance should be made a social stigma that affects all generations. It is necessary to raise public awareness about the negative impacts of the dowry system in order to achieve this. In this context, the Union and State governments must take effective efforts to increase people’s awareness of “anti-dowry literacy” through Lok Adalats, radio broadcasts, and television, among other means.

Multi Stakeholders Approach: Dowry is not a one-size-fits-all problem, thus society should make every effort to achieve gender equality. To combat gender disparity, states should examine gender-disaggregated data across the life cycle — birth, early childhood, schooling, nutrition, livelihood, access to healthcare, and so on.

 

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