BY KOMAL SINGH AT LEXCLIQ
Directives Principles of State Policy
The sources of the concepts of directives principles of state policy are from the Spanish Constitution from which is came In the Irish Constitution.
Constitutional provisions: Part IV of the Constitution of India from (Article 36-51 ) contains Directives Principles of State Policy DPSPs.
(Article 37 )of the Constitution states about the application of the Directive Principles. These aims at socioeconomic justice to the people and establishing India as a welfare state.
Classification of Principles: The directive Principles are classified on basis of their ideology source and objectives
■Directives based on Socialist Principles:( Article 38) The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting a social order by ensuring social, economic and political justice and by minimising inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities.
(Article 39): The State shall in particular direct its policies towards securing:
– Right to an adequate means of livelihood to all the citizens.
-The ownership and control of material resources shall be organised in a manner to serve the common good.
-The State shall avoid concentration of wealth in few hands.
– Equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
-The protection of the strength and health of the workers.
– The childhood youth shall not be exploited.
(Article 41) To secure the Right to work, to Education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disability.
(Article 42)The State shall make provisions for just and humane conditions for work and for maternity relief.
(Article 43)The State shall endeavour to secure to all workers a living wage and a decent standard of life.
(Article 43 A)The State shall take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries.
(Article 47) To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve the public health.
■Directives based on Gandhian Principles: (Article 40): The State shall take steps to organise Village panchayats as unit of Self government .
(Article 43): The State shall endeavour to promote cottage industries on an individual or cooperative basis in rural areas.
○(Article 43B) to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning , democratic control,and professional management of cooperative societies.
(Article 46)The State shall promote educational and economic interests of the weaker section of the people particularly that of the Scheduled Castes( SCs), Scheduled tribes(STs),and other weaker sections.
(Article 47)The State shall take steps to improve public health and prohibit consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs that are injuries to health.
(Article 48)To prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds.
■Directives based on liberal-intellectual Principles:( Article 44) The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code through the territory of India.
(Article 45)To provide for early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six.
(Article 48)To organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines.
(Article 48A) To protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
(Article 49)The State shall protect every monument or place of artistic or historic interests.
(Article 50)The State shall take steps to separate judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.
(Article 51) It declares that to establish International Peace and Security the state shall endeavour to:
-maintain just and honourable relation with the nations
-Foster respect for international law and treaty organisation
-Encourage settlement of international disputes by Arbitration.