DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORDINANCE, BILL, LAW AND ACT BY AESHA SHETH @LEXCLIQ

Meaning of bill:

A ‘bill’ can be thought of as the first stage of an act. A bill is a proposal to enact new legislation. Typically, a bill takes the form of a document that summarizes the policy underlying the proposed law as well as the proposed law itself.

A Bill may be introduced by the government or proposed by a member of Parliament. The Bill is introduced in the lower house of parliament, and after debate and passage, it is sent to the Upper House for approval. When the bill is passed by the upper chamber, it is sent to the President for his signature.

After a bill has been passed by parliament and received assent from the President, it becomes a law (Act) of the land.

Meaning of act:

Once the bill has been passed by the legislature, it is sent to the President or Governor, depending on the case, for approval. It becomes an Act after receiving his assent. An Act is a piece of legislation enacted by the legislature, such as Parliament or the State Legislative Assembly.

Meaning of law:

In general, the term “law” refers to a set of regulations or rules that must be followed. Acts, ordinances, orders, by-laws, rules, and regulations are all examples of law. A subset of law is an act.

Laws are defined as anything that has the authority to grant legal rights, obligations, liabilities, and so on. Provisions of all valid Acts passed by the legislature, Acts and codes from pre-independence India, Ordinances passed by a Governor of a State or the President of India, Decisions of the High Courts or Supreme Court, Authorized orders, notices, rules, and so on made by government bodies are all examples of law.

Meaning of ordinance:

Ordinances are temporary laws promulgated by the President of India on the advice of the Union Cabinet. They are only able to be delivered when Parliament is not in session. They give the Indian government the ability to take immediate legislative action.

When the Union’s legislature is not in session and there is a need to pass legislation (Act) in an emergency. In such cases, the government refers a proposal to the President or Governor, who must approve it before it can become an Ordinance. An ordinance is the legal equivalent of an Act. It can be regarded as a temporary law until it expires, is repealed, or is approved by the legislature.

When the Union’s legislature is not in session and there is a need to pass legislation (Act) in an emergency. In such cases, the government refers a proposal to the President or Governor, who must approve it before it can become an Ordinance. An ordinance is the legal equivalent of an Act. It can be regarded as a temporary law until it expires, is repealed, or is approved by the legislature.

If the governor signs the bill, it becomes a law for the state that passed it. In such cases, the government submits a proposal to the President or Governor, who must approve it before it can become an Ordinance. An ordinance is the legal equivalent of an Act, but it is not passed by the legislature.

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