Similarly to how each organ of the human body performs a unique function suited to its mechanism and creates a harmonious balance for a person’s overall healthy existence, the three great instrumentalities of the government, namely the legislature, executive, and judiciary, are entrusted with their unique purpose and existence. Delegated laws in India may be traced all the way back to the pre-independence era. The Privy Council was the highest Court of Appeal until 1949, and it heard cases from India. To fulfil the demands of administration, it used the theory of conditional legislation and gave the Indian legislature a lower standing. Every organ is independent of the others, yet they are interdependent since they rely on each other for the body’s, or in this case, the country’s, collective functioning. Montesquieu’s principle of separation of powers, which states that concentrating all power in one organ of government leads to tyranny, has influenced and has an impact on the Indian system of separation of powers; however, India has not accepted it in its entirety and has customised it to meet the country’s needs. The Indian Constituent Assembly correctly created a system of checks and balances, in which each government organ, although operating independently and without outside influence, keeps a check on the other organs, preventing misuse and arbitrary use of power by any organ. Delegated legislation occurs when a higher power, in this example the parliament, delegated law-making powers to a lower or implementing authority, in this case the executive or administrative authority. To put it another way, it is the legislature’s delegation of law-making authority to an organ other than itself.
Delegated legislation is the only feasible instrument now to manage a vast and varied population. It should not only be legal, but also used intelligently and effectively to get the best results possible in light of the circumstances. The legislative process is increasingly being delegated to subordinate authorities as modern society grows more complicated. Because the administering authorities issue a major portion of the laws nowadays, delegating law-making authority has become a must.
The parliament has been found to be overworked, and by delegating administrative rule-making, the quality of work can be improved since the subordinate authority can pay greater attention to detail. Because the executive will be responsible for particular duties, they will be able to effectively iron out the minor and secondary elements of the parent act as needed. Unlike the legislature, which is responsible for a vast variety of legislative responsibilities. This can help the legislature save time that may be better spent on other essential tasks.
Delegated legislation has grown significantly in recent years as a result of its capacity to suit a variety of interests. Delegated legislation has shown to be a benefit, especially in times like now, when the country is trying to swim its way through a worldwide epidemic. Various procedures have been created to regulate and keep a check on the execution of delegated legislation in order to avoid it from becoming arbitrary and overpowering the legislature. As a result, delegated legislation, when used properly and within appropriate limitations, may be a valuable asset to a country.