Delegated legislation is one of the most disputable concept in India and in the whole world as well . The reason being that its various implications. In Indian democracy their are four pillars and these are the legislature, the executive, the judiciary, and the press. These pillars got the power from the constitution not to interfere in the matters of others. As per the Constitution, the legislative has legislative powers and the Executive has the power to execute the laws in the country. Similarly, the Judiciary has the power to solve dispute and bring justice . But we have to keep in mind that there are multi functions that have to be performed by the Legislature in a welfare states and it is not an easy task for the legislature to look after every matter.
As per the definition ‘Delegation’ has been defined by Black’s Law Dictionary as an act of entrusting a person with the power or empowering him to act on behalf of that person who has given him that power or to act as his agent or representative. ‘Delegated legislation’ means exercising of legislative power by an agent who is lower in rank to the Legislature, or who is subordinate to the Legislature.
Now if we discuss about the historical background of Delegated legislation in India then we can find that the delegation of power can be followed from the Charters act, when the East India Company was recapturing political impact in India. The Charter Act of 1833 vested the administrative powers only in the hands of the Governor-General-in Council, which was an official body. He was enabled to make laws and guidelines for revoking, correcting or modifying any laws or guidelines, which were for all people regardless of their nationality. In 1935 the Govt. of India act was passed which contained a serious plan of delegation. The report of the Committee of Ministers’ Powers was submitted and affirmed which completely settled the case for assignment of forces and appointment of enactment that was viewed as inescapable in India.
But if we talk about our Constitution then our constitution depends on the separation of power; a total partition of forces was unrealistic henceforth it kept up the holiness of the tenet in the cutting edge sense. The Indian Constitution does not deny the assignment of forces. Then again there are a few arrangements where the official had been conceded with the administrative forces. For example, the regulatory powers of the President under the Indian Constitution are conspicuous. The issue of the assignment of enactment in India started under the British principle when the discussion on the issue in the West was going all out. In free India, the contention of settling the issue of the designation of administrative force was prima facie to a contention between the English and American kind of arrangement.