Today we live in a world of technologies. And Internet plays a major role in our daily schedule. These days without internet connectivity it is almost impossible for a person to cope up with the generation. Everything, from shopping to ordering food online, from studying online to looking at memes, blogging online about your whereabouts on daily basis to online transactions, has been so involved in our functioning that we tend to overlook the threats and dangers it poses to us. The internet is a worldwide stage, which means that everyone can have access to it. And once people have access to someones privacy, they start violating it.
Under the laws of India, the Indian Law does not define the term ‘cybercrime’. It is neither defined in the I.T Act, 2000 or in the I.T Amendment Act, 2008 nor in any other legislation of India. In fact, the Indian Penal Code still does not use the term ‘cybercrime’ even after its amendment by the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008. However, cybercrime can be defined as any criminal act directly related to digital world and the internet, such as illegal trespass into the computer system or database by hacking, manipulation or theft of stored or online data, hacking, cyber warfare, spreading computer viruses etc. In simple words, any offence or crime in which is digitally committed is termed as cyber crimes.
Whereas, cyber law can be defined as the law which governs Cyberspace and protects from cyber crimes and lays down punishments for this offence.
Cybercrimes are not only a threat to any individual but also to it’s a major threat to the National Security of a country. Nowadays, the military of most countries is using advanced computer technologies and networks, which can cause network crashes and spread misinformation. Not just militaries but terrorists and cybercriminals also use these technologies to intrude in other Country’s security networks and obtain information. They also send threats and warnings through computer systems. If we see the recent example of our own country, after the standoff between India and China, it was reported that thousands of Chinese hackers are attempting to encrypt into Indian cyberspace. And to protect against the leak of any information the government of India, tightened its security.
By these recent example, we have understood how dangerous are these crimes and how necessary it is to introduce an act which is completely oriented to Cyber laws.
With the evolution and development of the internet, information technology and computers, challenges imposed by cyber crimes have also increased. Therefore, cyber laws regulate all fields of laws in which cyber crimes can be committed, such as criminal law, contract, intellectual property law and tort. Cyber laws deal with various kinds of concerns, such as free speech, safety, intellectual property rights, privacy, terrorism, e-commerce and jurisdiction of cyber laws. As India does not have a particular act for cyber crimes it is a mandatory field where regulations are required. Cyber crimes directly infringe the Fundamental rights of an individual as it violates the right to privacy under article 21 and also it is a threat to our National Security as well. By these, we have understood how serious these crimes are. So it is necessary to have a particular set of laws and regulation completely dedicated to cyber laws and also there must be severe punishment for offenders of such crimes.
BY- ARVIND PANDA