By Grishma Shetty at lexcliq
Cybercrime can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as theft, fraud, forgery, defamation and mischief, all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a gamut of new age crimes that are addressed by the Information Technology Act, 2000. An unlawful activities wherein computer or any electronic device is used as a tool. The purpose of cybercrimes is to get money and is committed mostly by cyber criminals or hackers. The common cybercrimes are hacking, cyber stalking, virus dissemination, software piracy, online banking debit or credit card fraud and intellectual property rights violations etc. nowadays cybercrime has grabbed more importance and attention because in the world of e- commerce the computer has become the center of commence, entertainment and government.
Cybercrime against women and children:
- Women are often subjected to cybercrimes such as cyber harassment, online stalking, cyber pornography, cyber defamation, frauds and many more.
- Recording moments of intimacy on smartphones is extremely prevalent amongst today’s couples leading to incident of blackmailing
- Children including teenagers are most targeted for cyber criminals as they manage their online presence without adult guidance.
Punishment of cybercrimes in various acts:
- Section 65 to 74 of information technology act, 2000 which deals with punishment of various cyber rimes which range to 3 years to life imprisonment and fine.
- All cybercrimes do not come under IT Act, 2000 those new type of cybercrimes such as tampering of source code, hacking and publication of information in electronic form other acts can be invoked.
- Section 384, 420, 465, 500, 506 of IPC deals with various cybercrimes which range to 2 to 7 years of imprisonment and fine.
- Section 14 and 15 of protection of children from sexual offences act, 2012 deals with punishment of children pornography which range to 3 to 7 years imprisonment and fine.
Therefore, it is advisable not to keep silent in case of cybercrime and take legal sanction.
Landmark case related to cyber-attacks in India:
- Cosmos bank cyber-attack in pune
In 2018 cosmos back in pune had faced a cyber-attack. Hackers siphoned off Rs. 94.42 crore from the cosmos co- operative bank limited in pune which was a shock throughout the banking sector. To steal the details of various visa holders and debit cardholders hackers hacked into the bank’s ATM server. From around 28 countries money was taken by hacker gangs and immediately withdrew the amount as soon as they were informed.
- ATM system hacked
Canara bank ATM servers also came as the target of cyber attackers around mid- 2018. It was reported that’s around 20 lakhs rupees were swiped out by the attackers from multiple accounts. According to the sources, cyber attackers had the ATM details of approximately 300 users out of which 50 users were estimated as a victim of this attack. To steal the information of debit cardholder’s hackers used skimming devices. It was traced that the transactions which were made from these stolen ATM details have amounted from Rs.10, 000 up to the extent of Rs. 40,000.