Centuries have come and centuries have gone but the plight of women is not likely to change. As in our indian society women occupies a very important role, the vedas glorified women as the creater the one who gives life and worshipped as “Devi”. but on he other side its all mythical . there is various crimes against women either it is before the birth or after but womens are always being suppresed. As in the era of globalizatin and modernization the present trends of crimes are also increasing. Safety of women has always been an issue, especially in a country like India where worm of crime rate against women is increasing rapidly. Earlier, it was limited to roads or at places away from Home. Home was the safest place for a woman to protect herself from being victimized, but not now.In modern times women are viewed as sex objects, she is treated inferior to men in various societal spheres and functions, this has created a huge gender bias between the men and women where even the men think that their wrongdoings towards women cannot be penalised. Cybercrime and internet bullying works in similar manner where the person who commits a cyber crimes are not afraid of any authority that can penalise. The cyber world in itself has a dangerous place specially for women and anyone can hide or even fake his identity. This gift of internet is used by the criminally minded to commit wrongful acts.
Understanding Cyber Crimes
Cybercrime is a term for any illegal activity that uses a computer as its primary means of commission. It is an offence that is committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly, including serious cyber crimes ( cyber stalking , email spoofing etc )
Women especially young girls inexperienced in cyber world, who have been newly introduced to the internet and Cybercrimes and cyber bullying is of various types, some are
1.Cyber harassment :
Cyber-harassment, or cyber-bullying, can include things like:
* Checking your email without permission
*Spreading rumours about you, or Sharing photos or videos of you without your consent.
Cyber harassment is not just about being teased – it’s repeated behaviour that is designed to humiliate, control or scare the person being targeted. It’s not legal, and it’s not OK.
Stalking is illegal. The person could get dangerous.Stalking includes following someone around or leaving messages on their phone or online, and deliberately trying to make them feel scared You should contact the police and get their advice. Save any messages or emails to show the police if necessary.Stalking can also involve threats or sexual comments. The stalker often tries make the person they’re stalking feel intimidated and scared.Stalking a girlfriend, boyfriend or ex, or someone else, is against the law in Victoria. Stalking someone online is also against the law.
Cyber defamation includes both libel and defamation. It involves publishing defamatory information about the person on a website or circulating it among the social and friends circle of victims or organization which is an easy method to ruin a woman’s reputation by causing her grievous mental agony and pain.
4.Morphing and cyber pornography
Morphing is highly increasing it is done by editing the original picture to misuse it. Perpetrators due to internet access can in few seconds download women’s pictures from social media, WhatsApp or some other resources and upload morphed photos on other websites such as social media site, porn sites or for registering themselves anonymously. Cyber-pornography is another threat to women because this includes publishing pornographic materials in pornography websites by using computers and internet wherein women will not even be aware of such immoral publication of their own very image.
It refers to an email that emerges from one source but has been sent from another source. It can cause monetary damage. Phishing: Phishing is the attempt to gain sensitive information such as username and password and intent to gain personal information
Reason for Growth of cyber crimes
- The transendental nature of the internet no boundaries, ever changing.
- Low equipment cost
- Numerous vulnerable targets – loneliness is a prime cause a many female studens and staff live away from family and work for long hours over the computers. Thereby compters become their trusted pal.
- Easy concealment due to anonymity.
- Most of the cyber crimes remain unreported due to the hesitation and shyness of the victim and her fear of defamation of family’s name.
Legal Remedies to deal with cyber crimes
Indian penal code
- Section 354 A – Physical contact and advances involving explicit sexual overtunes,showing pornography and demanding sexual favours.
- Section 354 D – Deals sexual harassment , stalking and includes harassment via electrnic communication.
- Section 509 word sound or gesture intended to insult the modesty of a women.
- Section 499 – punishes as ‘defamation’ the publication by visible representations of an imputation concerning the women, when done with the intention to harm her reputation.
Information Technology Act
- Section 67 – prohibits and punishes with imprisonment extending up to three years and fine for first conviction and to five years and fine upon secod conviction, the publication, transmission and causing of transmssion of obscene content.
- Section 66 E Deals with violation of the privacy of a perswon. Under the section, capturing, publising or transmitting the image of a private area of any person without her consent, under circumstances violating her privacy, is punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years, and fine.
Purpose behind enacting IT Act
- To provide legal recognitin ton e-commerce
- To facilitate e- governance
- To provide remedy to cyber crimes
- To provide legal recognition to digital evidence
India is considered as one of the very few countries to enact to IT Act 2000 to combat cybercrimes; There is no specific provision to protect security of women and children.14 However there are few provisions to cover some of the crimes against women in cyber space under IT Act. The model adopted in USA may be proved a step forward in this direction.Improvement of technology is in need of the days. Cyber crimes are such types of crimes which can primarily be prevented along with other measures.Technological improvement may be helpful for detection, prevention and commission of such crimes. High standards for security and network reliability have to be required. Effective technological “locks” to prevent end users from copying and distributing copyrighted music in digital form.Special Statutes on cyber crime is required to be passed to deal with the new form of crimes and to protect digital data. It will include Intellectual Property crimes and crimes relating to human rights.The Government has to create a special branch of Cyber crimes and Intellectuall property Crimes within its criminal infrastructure, so that the enforcement personnel may take quick action against the Cyber Criminals.All sorts of infrastructure facilities are required to be available to the investigating officers, especially in regard to mobility, connectivity, use of technology