Criminalization in politics by Remiya Rani at Lexcliq

Democracy has been a great gift to the modern world. It has been regarded as the best form of govt. and most of the countries of the world have preferred it as their system of govt. But one of the major demerits of this system is that powerful people of society purchase the votes of illiterate people by virtue of money and “Bahubal”. A major no. of such candidates have been found involved in heinous crimes – murder, rape, kidnapping, corruption etc. On strength of money and power that win the elections and represent the people in the parliament and state assemblies. There cases remain pending for years and years. Today, a large no. of representatives of all parties are facing trials in the courts under serious charges. This criminalization of politics have become a dominant feature of modern democracy in India. As representatives of all parties are more or less involved in such crimes, the political parties show least interest in making laws against criminal activities of their representatives. There only target is to prove majority in the house. It is really a very bad sign for our democracy. According to the National Election Watch (NEW) and Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR), in the Assembly elections in Assam, Kerala, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal, at least 1,157 out of 6,318 candidates have criminal cases against them. Out of the 539 winners analysed in Lok Sabha election 2019, 233 MPs have declared criminal cases against themselves. It is an increase of 44 per cent in the number of MPs with declared criminal cases since 2009. The figure is far more alarming when it comes to serious criminal cases. Around 159 (29 per cent) winners this time have declared serious criminal cases including cases related to rape, murder, attempt to murder, kidnapping, crimes against women, etc. Among the political parties, NDA ally Janta Dal United (JDU) has the highest percentage of MPs with criminal records. In their affidavits, 13 (81 per cent) out of 16 winners from JD(U), 29 (57 per cent) out of 51 winners from INC, have declared criminal cases against themselves.Lakhs of Benami property of Atiq Ahmed, Mukhtar ansari, Azam khan who were MLAs during SP and BSP govt. in UP have been recently confiscated by the present UP govt. Criminalization of politics in India includes political control of the police, state money, corruption, weak laws, lack of ethics, values, vote bank politics and loopholes in the function of the election commission. Having a weak rule of law in India is the main reason that has led to an increase in the alternative forms of dispute resolutions. Every country’s fate depends upon its politics. Abraham Lincoln says, “ Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people”. But now, the rule of law can only be found in books. Criminals, powerful people, the machinery has formed such a dangerous cocktail which is now proving to be poisonous for the society. Corruption and criminalization of politics are ruining the roots of democracy. It is destroying the real concept of DEMOCRACY. No political party is taking measures towards the reduction or elimination of criminal members in their parties as in the end they prove to be beneficial for them. Therefore, it’s a huge time now- Parliament must take some serious steps to restraint this threat. We have to change the nature of the government machinery, make it more transparent, accountable and pervade. This is not an easy task but we are not powerless and we can create awareness among people (voters) about their rights and they should vote for the right person. Our leader should be someone who doesn’t pay for votes and doesn’t take any bribes after being elected. If we want a clean democracy, we must have clean elections

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