Comprehending the UCC by Krishna Sreeja @lexcliq


India is the melting pot of all religions and cultures. Each religion has its own customs and traditions. This makes all religions to follow different kinds of procedures. Sometimes, in implementing these procedures, there may arise inequality among the people. So, to avoid this and to bring uniformity among the customs and code of all religions, there is/ was an attempt made ti implement a provision called “Uniform Civil Code”.

Uniform Civil Code:

Uniform Civil Code is the term which originated from the concept of “Civil Law Code”. It governs the people of different religions; region. So this is basically based upon the right of citizens subject to their personal laws.

The Uniform Civil Code covers the following areas:

  • Personal status of person
  • Rights relating to acquisition and administration of property
  • Marriage, divorce and adoption of child.


In 1840, the British Government on the basis of Lex Loci report had framed the Uniform laws for crimes, evidences and contracts. But they left the personal laws of Hindus and Muslims intentionally, as involving in this leads to a massive protests. They only raised their voice along with reformers to frame laws regarding religious customs that discriminates women. The main practice of this custom was Sati.

Later, in the Constitution of India, only one line about Uniform Civil Code was added under the Article 44 in Part IV of DPSP (Directive Principles of State Policy). It states that “the state shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India”


Even though, this law was incorporated in our constitution, it never came into implementation. The implementation of this law is not a simple matter. Most of minority religions/ groups were/ are in a fear that the implementation of this law may violate their personal rights like their religious practices. As earlier mentioned, there are different types of people practicing different different kind of religious practices. So, it is more to codify/ frame the uniform personal laws.

But, the implementation of this law also have many pros. It can end most of social evil practices followed by many religions and gets the uniformity among the people and can put full stop to the discrimination and inequality among the people.

This law is implemented in only  one Indian state i.e., Goa. After Independence, the State of Goa has adopted the Portuguese Civil Code which enforced a Uniform Civil Code for all its citizens. Therefore, Muslim persons who have registered their marriage in Goa are not allowed to practice polygamy.

The communities those who oppose the Uniform Civil Code are Muslims, Christians and others. There are some communities, who are in favour of Uniform Civil Code are Bhartiya Janata Party, Rastriya Swayamsevak Sangh and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad. Those who are the opponents of this law are called “Secularists” and those are in favour of this law are called “Communalists”.


For the first time in 1985, in Mohammad Ahmed Khan vs Shah Bano Begum moved to Supreme Court for seeking maintenance under Section 125 of Criminal Procedure Code, when her husband gave her divorce by giving her triple talaq and denied her regular maintenance. The Supreme Court gave verdict in favour of Shah Bano by applying Sec. 125 of Criminal Procedure Code.  Then Chief Justice, YV Chandrachud, noticed that  common civil code will help the nation in these maters. So, Supreme Court directed parliament to frame the Uniform Civil Code.

The second instance in which the Supreme Court again directed the parliament to frame Uniform Civil Code law is in Sarla Mudgal vs Union of India. In this case, the question is whether a Hindu husband, married under Hindu law , by embracing Islam can solemnize the second marriage. Supreme Court held that adopting Islam for second marriage is an abuse of Personal Laws. Further, it ruled that by converting into Islam and marry again doesn’t dissolve the marriage under Hindu Marriage Law and thus will be an offence under Section 494 & 495 of the Indian Penal Code.

Many Political Parties gave a word to implement the Uniform Civil Code in their manifestos during election campaigns but till  now today there is no sign of implementation of this law.

Leave a Reply

Glucofort Reviews
Articles Latest Updates

What Is Diabetic – What Is Normal Blood Sugar Levels After Eating?

What is a Diabetic? A person with diabetes is called a diabetic or diabetic. A diabetic has a condition in which the body cannot produce enough insulin, or its effect is not working properly. The symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, excessive thirst, increased hunger, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision, skin infections, etc. A diabetic […]

Read More

Troy Aikman CBD Gummies (Scam Or Trusted) Beware Before Buying

It can similarly help with facilitating joint torture and support the joints inside for better and more versatile joints. Conditions may similarly help with holding a person back from experiencing compassion or disquiet when they consume gums reliably. Troy Aikman CBD Gummies ensure that our mind is exceptionally still so we can rest adequately. Chewy candies are […]

Read More

Troy Aikman CBD Gummies (Pros and Cons) Is It Scam Or Trusted?

Troy Aikman CBD Gummies are a reasonable extraordinary and hearty course of activity. They incorporate present day and standard adornments to address or fix logical issues. You need to kill the cannabinoids from the plant with exorbitant mindfulness. It very well might be joined with first rate trimmings to make it extra enormous and taste better. […]

Read More