Collective responsibility of the cabinet under the Indian Constitution

 

The principle of collective responsibility is the foundation upon which the parliamentary system of government operates. The council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha, according to Article 75. This means that all ministers share joint responsibility for all their acts of omission and commission in front of the Lok Sabha. They work together as a team and either swim or sink.  They collaborate and swim or sink as a unit. When the Lok Sabha passes a no-confidence motion against the council of ministers, all ministers, including those from the Rajya Sabha, are required to resign. The principle of collective responsibility also means that Cabinet decisions bind all cabinet ministers (and other ministers), even if they disagreed during the meeting. It’s true. Every minister has a responsibility to support cabinet decisions both inside and outside of Parliament.

Article 75 of the Indian Constitution has two meanings: (I) all members of a government are unanimous in their support for its policies; and (II) ministers who had the opportunity to speak for or against the policies in the cabinet are thus personally and morally responsible for their success or failure. The accepted consensus on cabinet responsibility is referred to as collective cabinet responsibility. Collective cabinet responsibility refers to the accepted conduct of Government Ministers as part of the cabinet. Under this doctrine, ministers are bound to support publicly the decisions made by the Cabinet as a whole and will show no disagreement with these decisions outside the cabinet room. The doctrine arose as a way to keep the appearance of cabinet unity and party discipline. The doctrine has evolved as a means of maintaining the appearance of cabinet unity and party discipline and showing that the government is firmly behind the policies it promotes and seeks to pass through the parliament. The doctrine of Collective Cabinet Responsibility evolved as a means of giving a public appearance of cabinet unity and genuine collective decision making.

Cabinet decisions are considered decisions of the entire Council of Ministers and are binding on all Ministers. As long as he is a Minister, he cannot deny responsibility for any Cabinet decision. He can’t be a Minister and criticize or oppose a Cabinet decision, or even adopt a neutral stance, or publicly oppose a colleague. A Minister who doesn’t agree with you. A Minister who disagrees with a Cabinet decision on a policy issue and is unwilling to support and defend it should no longer be a member of the Council of Ministers and should resign as soon as possible.

 

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