BY KOMAL SINGH @LEXCLIQ
The term” Child labour ” is defined as the work that deprives children of their childhood , their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful of their mental, physical development. It refers to work that :
Is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children.
Which interfere with their schooling by ,
Depriving them of opportunity to go to school, obliging them to leave school prematurely or providing them to attend school their attendance along with doing heavy and long work.
Worst forms of child labour: There are different forms of it but priority is to end worst form enshrined in Article 3 of ILO Convention No.182
1.All forms of slavery , similar to such are sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage, serfdom force or compulsory labour.
2. The used or procuring or offering of child to prostitution, for production of pornography or for a pornographic performance.
3. Offering of child or production of it for illicit activities like trafficking in drugs.
It’s very disappointed to reveal this Statistics that in every 10 children, 1 child is involved in child labour worldwide. As rightly said in above picture that ” Child is meant to learn, Not to earn”.
‘Africa‘ ranks First in regions both in percentage children of child labour one- fifth and absolute number of children in child labour 72 millions.
Let’s know what are the negative effects of child labour:
● difficulty of task and harsh working conditions create premature ageing, malnutrition, depression, drug dependency ,etc.
● From disadvantaged background, minority groups, and abducted families these children have no protection. Their employers do whatever necessary to make them completely invisible and are thus have complete control over them .
●Additionally when child is able to work he will not have proper education which will result into illiterate adult.It even sometimes endangers the child’s dignity and morals when there are sexual exploitation involved on them.
There are different laws and policies enacted for prohibition of child labour in India:
Article 24 of our Indian Constitution clearly states that “No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or in any hazardous work “.
The child labour (Prohibition and Regulations ) Act, 1986 designates a child who has not completed the age of 14th years of age. It aim to regulates the working hours and conditions of child workers from being employed in hazardous industries.
ILO Convention No.138 specify the minimum number age for employment in labour work which should not be less than 18 years.
Lastly I would say that, Ending child labour requires immediate action, accelerated motivation and collaborative partnerships at all level, let’s make a difference, let’s make sure that our post pandemic world is free from child labour.