Biological Diversity act, 2002

BIOlogical diversity act, 2002

BY: Bishrant Khatiwada, SLS, Pune, Email:

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is pointed towards preservation of natural differing qualities, economical utilize of its components, and reasonable and impartial sharing of benefits emerging out of the utilization of natural asset and related conventional knowledge. The Organic Differing qualities Act, 2002 is pointed towards preservation of natural differences, maintainable utilize of its components, and reasonable and even-handed sharing of benefits emerging out of the utilize of organic asset and related conventional information. Whereas these three targets are complementary and commonly strengthening, the Segments of the Act which particularly given for preservation of biodiversity incorporate Sections 36, 37 and 38.

The important objectives of the Act are as follows: To conserve the Biological Diversity. Sustainable use of the components of biodiversity. Fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of the Biodiversity. Biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part, and includes diversity within species or between species and of ecosystems. [Section 2(b)] Biological resources means plants, animals, and micro-organisms or parts thereof, their genetic material and by-products (excluding value-added products) with actual or potential use or value, but does not include human genetic material as understood in [Section 2(c)]

Section 21 of the Act decides the arrangement of benefit sharing. It points to procure even-handed sharing of benefits exuding from the gotten to organic assets, its by-products, information, and hone related to it as per the set terms and conditions between the individual applying for securing such benefits and the neighbourhood bodies included. 

Section 36 talks approximately the part of the Central government in creating national methodologies and plans for preservation purposes. The Central government has obligations such as: It is duty-bound for defining national procedures, plans and programs to moderate and maintain the feasible utilize of organic diversity. If any zone wealthy in organic differences or such assets appears to be confronting dangers at that point it is the central government’s obligation of informing the particular state government and inquiring them to require suitable steps to anticipate it. Composing sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and policies, which are practicable within the informed environment on the establishment of integration of preservation and the sustainable use of natural differing qualities. The central government needs to take measures for surveying the hurtful impacts of up and coming ventures on biodiversity and to either anticipate it or come up with procedures of reducing such impacts.

But again under Section 40 of the act, the Central Government with regard to the National Biodiversity Authority by notification in the Official Gazette can make declarations of the Act not applying to particular items, including biological resources normally the commodities. Within the case of Environment Bolster Bunch v. National Biodiversity Specialist, A request was made to announce Section 40 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 illegal and unlawful as genuine partiality was likely to be caused which may cause risk to the national intrigued and biodiversity of certain species. It needed to draw the consideration of specialists towards open agrarian colleges revelling in criminal bio piracy of nearby assortments of eggplant. Within the case of Akb Jagannath Annoy v. Union of India & Ors, it was offered that the solicitor had mental property rights in terms of Section 6 and Section 19(2) of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and concerned Rules which were in his support. Hence, such endorsement by the concerned Specialist beneath the Biological Diversity Act would clearly come within the way of arranging scrutinized some time recently the learned Single Judge. The arrange passed by the Controllers and Licenses and Plans as per Section 15 of some other Act was appealable in terms of section 117A of the said Act of 1970 as corrected in 2005. On the off chance that there was an work out of off-base purview, excessive authority amid passing such arrange, the same might be challenged some time recently the Re-appraising Specialist.

In conclusion: The definition of biological has got to be broadened to prevent any sort of abuse because it does not give an all-inclusive structure for preservation and attainable utilize of natural and hereditary assets. It is one of the most seasoned however current challenges faced by the nation because it is broadly acknowledged that the essential framework of the Act includes issues. In case of Mental Property Rights, it is considered to be encouraging commercialization instead of genuinely authorizing and engaging neighbourhood communities. Therefore it is important for the government and every human to take efforts in their own ways to effectuate and put the Act to work for getting the desired results. A kind of network and integration of the civil society associations, local bodies, farmers, scientific institutions could indeed help in better implementation of the Act.


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